Research Expertise: 17th-Century French Studies, 17th Century French literature, theatre, and history, 17th Century masculinity and monarchy, Early modern gender and identity.
Research Expertise: Teaching online - creating cohesiveness and rich debate; Trauma - exploring what counsellors need to know; and Ethics - studying consent and record keeping practices.
Research Expertise: Comparative education; Social, political, and economic factors shaping schooling; and Mulit-culturalism and education.
Research Expertise: Laser Scanning, Geomatics, GIS, Remote Sensing, Water Resources, Hydrology, Glaciers, Forest Resources, and Biomass Carbon Stocks.
Research Expertise: Nursing theory and philosophy, Quality of life measurement in chronic illness, Transitions in care in seniors health, Simulation theory in health education, Implementation of learning management systems in higher education
Research Expertise: Plant biotechnology, molecular biology, biochemistry, physiology, plant cell and tissue culture.
Research Expertise: Internet Gambling, Problem Gambling, Addiction, Theories Of Deviance, and Youth Culture.
Research Expertise: Shelly Wismath is a Professor of mathematics, whose research is in the area of Universal or General Algebra, including semigroup theory and identities. Her recent research interests also include the scholarship of teaching and learning, particularly the teaching of critical thinking and problem solving skills, liberal education, and math/science to non-math, non-science students.
Research Expertise: Political economy, Indigeneity, Fair Trade, NGOs and Development, Indigenous Social Movements, Race, Ethnicity and Identity, Ethno-nationalism, Gender and Development, Geographic Areas: Ecuador, Colombia, Amazon, Andes, Spain.
Research Expertise: Gambling (socioeconomic impacts; Internet gambling; problem gambling; proportion of revenue from problem gamblers, prevention; etiology and epidemiology; assessment; population prevalence/assessment; indigenous gambling, Statistical Analysis; Addictions (treatment, assessment, causes); Psychopathology (treatment, assessment, causes)
Research Expertise: Colonial to Modern US history, US and European Women’s History, Native American women’s history, Feminist and Gender Studies, Oral history, Historical methodologies using visual culture (documentary photography and film).
Research Expertise: RNA, Protein, Ribonucleoprotein, Rapid kinetics, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Crosslinking, Primer extension analysis, Immuno blotting, Chromatography, Ultracentrifugation, Electrophoresis, Molecular cloning, Mutagenesis; and yeast genetics.
Research Expertise: Computational chemistry, Molecular modeling, ab initio methods, Density functional theory, Electronic structure, One-electron properties, Reaction mechanisms, Weak interactions, Hydrogen-bond strengths, and Stacking interactions.
Research Expertise: Conformal field theory and its applications to string theory, Phase-space quantum mechanics, Physical applications of Lie algebras and groups, and Mathematical physics.
Research Expertise: Strongly Correlated Electron Systems Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Theoretical Physics Nonlinear Physics
Research Expertise: Dr. von Heyking will only consider supervisory inquiries from students interested in the Master of Arts in Political Science. Political theory (ancient, medieval, modern, contemporary), Politics and literature, Ideologies, American politics, Religion and politics, Canadian politics, Just war, Civil religion, and politics of friendship.
Research Expertise: History of Canadian schooling; Children's historical thinking; and Faith-based schooling.
Research Expertise: Implicit memory, concept formation, computer algorithms and numerical analysis.
Research Expertise: Mental health and healing, Decolonization & reconciliation, Qualitative methodologies: narrative inquiry, arts-based methodologies, community-engaged research, Indigenous methodologies & storytelling, Criminal & restorative justice, Violence prevention, Moral & cultural discourses, Adolescent and adult populations, Program evaluation.
Research Expertise: Animal Behavior and Cognition. Primate Neuroanatomy. Human Evolution. Evolutionary Psychology. Sexuality and Gender.
Research Expertise: Deviance and Social Control, Popular Music Studies, Cultural Sociology, Social Psychoanalysis, Technologies of Gender, Race, and Class, Interdisciplinary Methods, and Historical Methods.
Research Expertise: Quebec Literature; Monsters and the "monstrous" in Francophone literatures; Deconstruction; Intertextuality; Silence as an aesthetic and subversive literary device; The Scapegoat; Literary institution; Rebellion; Witnessing.
Research Expertise: Non-dual psychology, transpersonal psychology, 2nd stage addictions recovery, mental health and addictions issue, spectrum of developmental, East-West contemplative approaches, mental health alternatives, existential approaches, phenomenology and hermeneutics.
Research Expertise: Teresa of Avila, Teresa of Cartagena, and Women’s writing.
Research Expertise: Econometrics, Applied Econometrics; Nonparametric and Semiparametric Modelling; Stochastic Frontier Analysis; Banking and Finance.
Research Expertise: Urban social structure Demographic change and cities Neighbourhood change and typologies Residential segregation Geography of well being Geography of ageing, the Third Age Rural community Disasters and social resilience in rural communities Disasters and mental health
Research Expertise: • Applied linguistics: minority language promotion and revitalization through education and media; • Sociolinguistics: language policy & planning; endangered languages; contact linguistics, socio-pragmatics, the sociolinguistics of translation; • Official bilingualism in Cameroon and Canada; • Cameroon English; • The Ngemba language.
Research Expertise: Memory, Learning, Amnesia, Hippocampus, Adult neurogenesis, Cognitive neuroscience, Cerebral cortex, Recovery of function, Electrophysiology, Aging, Prenatal alcohol effects, FASD, Stroke, and Episodic memory.
Research Expertise: Evolution and ethics, The just distribution of healthcare resources, and Euthanasia.
Research Expertise: Healthcare, management, organizational design, organizational culture, organizational climate, human resource management, architecture
Research Expertise: New media design; Educational value in the Art of Creation; and 3D printing: implications for education.
Research Expertise: Primary care reform (improving access, continuity and team-based care) Primary health care (in all settings) Dementia care in continuing care and primary care Moral distress in dementia care Dementia care in rural settings
Research Expertise: Social consequences of assessment practices; Development of writing ability; Literacy assessment.
Research Expertise: Dr. Siaroff will only consider supervisory inquiries from students interested in the Master of Arts in Political Science. Comparative Politics, particularly European politics, European integration, political development and democratization, comparative party systems and political parties, and comparative and international political economy.
Research Expertise: Rural life-career development and counselling; Counsellor mobility in Canada; Counsellor development, training, and supervision; and Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
Research Expertise: society in wartime citizenship gender anti-war movements
Research Expertise: Geodynamics, Geodynamo, Wobble, Nutation, Elliptical Instability, Planetary Magnetic Field, Fluid Core, Earth Rotation.
Research Expertise: Molecular Microbiology, Hydrolytic Enzymes, Intestinal Microbiology, Microbial Ecology, and Gene expression.
Research Expertise: Preceptorship, Health practices in the rural setting
Research Expertise: Plant Developmental Genetics, Molecular Biology, Arabidopsis, control of auxin transport and response.
Research Expertise: Psychological assessment and diagnosis; Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD); Behavioural addiction; Problematic video game play; Mental health; Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM); Developmental disorders; Prevention; Clinical practice.
Research Expertise: Object and person perspective, neural mechanisms of high-level vision, face and biological-motion processing, motor control and learning.
Research Expertise: Structure, function and evolution of small RNAs and protein-RNA complexes in protist organisms; Evolution of the spliceosome and spliceosomal introns; Bioinformatic strategies to identify non-coding RNAs in eukaryotes.
Research Expertise: Chemical kinetics, Model reduction, Nonlinear dynamics, Mathematical biology.
Research Expertise: Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mathematics, Epistemology, Wittgenstein, and Popper.
Research Expertise: Economics of professional sports. Economics of education. International finance.
Research Expertise: Dr. Rice's main areas of interest include synthesis of Boolean logic functions (logic synthesis) as well as representations and classification of Boolean functions. In particular, much of her work involves research into decision diagrams (DDs) and various types of mathematical transforms such as spectral transforms and the autocorrelation transform. Dr. Rice's most recent research includes reversible logic and synthesis and testing techniques for reversible logic. Other areas of interest to Dr. Rice include sociolinguistics in computer programming, particularly in how different groups' use of programming languages may differ, and education in computer science and engineering.
Research Expertise: Classical sociological and social theory, History of sociology, Cultural sociology, Material culture; material history, History of agrarian movements, Agrarian thought and culture, Sociology of religion; implicit religion, Individual and collective identity, Socio-cultural aspects of art-collecting (late-Victorian and Edwardian periods), History of gambling and anti-gambling movements, 19th-Century Scottish emigration, 19th-Century Scottish society and culture.
Research Expertise: Freshwater animals rely on chemicals dissolved in the water that provide information about the location of food, the risk of predation, or even the reproductive status of potential mates. Environmental contaminants from human activities, such as industrial operations (e.g., mining, smelting) or surface runoff from cities, can interfere with an animal's ability to perceive and respond to these important chemical cues. Failure to respond to these cues can lead to starvation, an inability to avoid a predator, or impaired reproduction. Research conducted in my lab focuses on understanding the causes and consequences of contaminant-induced chemosensory impairment in freshwater animals. We work on animals that represent several different trophic levels typical of freshwater ecosystems, including bottom-dwelling (benthic) invertebrates, zooplankton, fishes, and amphibians. We test chemosensory function by using behavioural or neurophysiological assays in animals before and after they have been exposed to environmental contaminants. By developing an understanding of how low concentrations of environmental contaminants can affect chemosensory function among aquatic animals, we can improve our ability to evaluate ecological risk. Good ecological risk assessments are critical for managing industrial or municipal receiving waters.
Research Expertise: Inclusive practices in drama education; Community involvement in fine arts; Fostering teacher professional development; metacognition attainment; and Formatting Shakespearean plays into Reader's Theatre.
Research Expertise: Functional Analysis Operator theory Linear algebra
Research Expertise: Dr. Pope's research interests fall under the sport and exercise psychology umbrella with two specific programs of research. Her first area of research revolves around examining the effectiveness of health promotion messages that focus on facilitating the initiation and long-term engagement in physical activity. In particular, Dr. Pope is interested in applying the Comprehensive Messaging Strategy to Sustained Behavior Change which tailors information presented in messages to the recipients' stage of change while framing it to focus on intrinsic goals and self-determined motivation. Secondly, Dr. Pope is part of a multi-institutional team that developed and is currently managing the Sport Psychology for Coaches website. This website is a free evidence informed resource designed to provide coaches (as well as athletes or parents) with information about sport psychology skills, practical activities they can use, and opportunities to interact with other coaches and sport psychology experts. The website was launched in 2017 and will be a focus of Dr. Pope's research as her team explores the effectiveness of this resource to translate sport psychology information to the coaches and athletes that will use it.
Research Expertise: Inclusion strategies for teachers; Gender-based gambling issues; Supporting early language and literacy development; and Developmental disorders.
Research Expertise: Health services evaluation, Program evaluation, Health services for marginalized patient populations, Homeless, substance-using, and at-risk populations, Harm reduction, Moral distress in clinical practice, Quantitative research methods, Mixed methods research,
Research Expertise: Studies in social capital and voluntary participation, Sport and physical activity, Social inequality, Research methods.
Research Expertise: Development of behaviour, Social interactions, Organization of movement, Brain mechanisms in social cognition.
Research Expertise: Science education; Interpretive (hermeneutic) research; Ecopedagogy; and Curriculum theory and history.
Research Expertise: Remote sensing, GIS, Earth System Science modeling in studies of global environmental change
Research Expertise: Philosophy of physics, Plato, Philosophies of Environment and Ecology, Metaphysics of Time, Logic.
Research Expertise: My research group is mainly focused on Ultra High Vacuum (UHV) Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM). With this microscope, we study adsorbates bonded to surfaces as well as the controlled manipulation of atoms and molecules on surfaces. In the past my research activities have included STM studies of semiconductor heterostructures as well as soft X-Ray absorption and fluorescence from novel semiconductor materials. Recently I have been actively involved in using cantilevers such as used in Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to test Newtonian dynamics at very low levels of acceleration i.e. near 1e-10 m/s^2.
Research Expertise: RNA, Protein, Helicases, Host-viral Interactions, Biomolecular Interactions, RNA-protein interactions, Protein-Protein Interactions, Light Scattering, Solution X-ray Scattering, Integrated Approach, Structure-Function .
Research Expertise: Databases: Spatial, Distributed, Multimedia; Mobile Information Systems/Recommender Systems; Digital Libraries.
Research Expertise: Health care access and outcomes among vulnerable, underserved populations; Indigenous and rural health; Nursing preceptorship.
Research Expertise: Social justice; Critical interculturality; and Transformative education.
Research Expertise: As a researcher, I work for the most part in the Digital Humanities, focussing particularly on the representation of Cultural Heritage, Globalisation and Diversity Studies, and Scholarly Communication. I am interested in working with graduate students in any aspect of the Digital Humanities, but particularly the above areas. I am on several M.A./M.Sc. Committees in English, Interdisciplinary Studies, and Computer Science. Recent students have worked on contemporary literature, editorial theory and practice, Cultural Heritage Interpretation, and Creative Non-fiction.
Research Expertise: children, youth, and parenting; women, gender, and family; early modern Scotland; the Reformation.
Research Expertise: Indonesia, political and economic anthropology, child studies, urban studies, gender and development.
Research Expertise: Ground-Based And Spaceborne Far Infrared Space Astronomy, Terahertz Imaging Spectroscopy, JCMT, Herschel, Spire, Spica, Safari, Remote Sensing Of Atmospheric Water Vapour, and Breast Cancer Detection.
Research Expertise: Labour economics, economics of education, and immigration.
Research Expertise: Combinatorics, Algebraic graph Theory (Cayley Graphs).
Research Expertise: Algebraic properties of infinite groups of matrices, Normal subgroups, homomorphisms, and actions on manifolds, Applications of finite groups to problems in graph theory.
Research Expertise: School district leadership; First Nations school leadership; and Toolkit to enact Alberta's school leadership competencies.
Research Expertise: My lab employs in vivo optical methods such as two-photon microscopy and voltage sensitive dye imaging, to study neural activity on the subcellular, cellular, and circuit level in real-time. My research focuses on the physiological and computational basis of sensory perception and associative learning at the level of individual neurons and their synaptic interactions within complex neural circuits.
Research Expertise: Motor System and recovery of movement, Models of Parkinson's disease, stroke, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, preterm birth, Stress, Motor development and aging, Perinatal programming of disease.
Research Expertise: Work (paid and unpaid), Gender, Professional work, Volunteer work, Qualitative research methods, Work (paid and unpaid), Gender, Professional work, Volunteer work, Qualitative research methods.
Research Expertise: Borderlands of the United States West, History of the North American West, History of gender, race, and sexuality in North America.
Research Expertise: Global Population, International Social Policy, Life Course, Demographic Aging, Families and Family Change, Intergenerational Relations, Health and Health Care, Social Impacts of Science and Technology, Social Dimensions of Innovation, Family Theory in Post-Modernity.
Research Expertise: Shakespeare, Early modern drama, Milton and the seventeenth-century religious poets, Reformation theology, Psychology of religion, Psychoanalytic approaches to Renaissance literature, Renaissance magic and witchcraft, Early modern masculinity.
Research Expertise: Collaborative inquiry/solution generation in schools, particularly as it relates to students with learning difficulties; Social Network Theory & Analysis: Understanding how professional relationships in school enhance learning/achievement; and Reading Instruction: Prevention and intervention approaches.
Research Expertise: Behaviour of octopuses. Eye movement in schizophrenics. Alzheimers disease.
Research Expertise: Mathematics teaching and learning; Classroom and large-scale assessment; Examination design and development; and Assessment practices in outreach schools.
Research Expertise: Indigenous methodologies, qualitative research, art based research inquiry, Indigenous storied Knowledge, Aboriginal Law, Indigenous Women's Teachings, Indigenous Health Knowledge, Indigenous Community Development, Indigenous applications for community inquiry using the bundling methods.
Research Expertise: Economics of innovation, economics of biotechnology and health foods, industrial organization, agriculture and health policy
Research Expertise: Social theory, aesthetics of communication, art, and spatial arrangements.
Research Expertise: Anthropology of religion, Linguistic anthropology, Mesoamerica, Maya, Ethnography, Transnational migration, Weberian social theory, Shamanism, Ethnohistory.
Research Expertise: Twentieth-Century Canada; The Great Depression; Atlantic Canada Studies; Development of the Social Welfare State; Women and Gender in Canada; Youth and the Transition to Adulthood; Catholicism in English Canada; Women's Suffrage.
Research Expertise: Animal Communication. Bioacoustics. Individual Differences.
Research Expertise: Problem solving in the Mathematics classroom; Alternative approaches to Mathematics teaching; and Teacher preparation and development.
Research Expertise: My primary research interests lay in the diverse fields of Hebrew Bible studies. I am particularly interested in integrating historical and literary analysis of both narrative and prophetic writings in the Hebrew Bible. This work has resulted in a monograph on the book of King as a statements of ethnic, national and religious identity for Persian-era Judaism, arguing that this identity is portrayed as relevant not only to those living in the Judah, but to those who remained in the Diaspora. I have also written a number of articles dealing with the dating of Kings, the need for a new approach to prophetic literature, and literary studies of the books of Amos and Joel and Psalm 22. A commentary on the book of Amos, entitled "Amos and the Cosmic Imagination" is in the final stages of preparation for Ashgate Publishers.
Research Expertise: Child speech development, cross language comparison of fricative acquisition, fricative perception, gendered speech and its acquisition.
Research Expertise: My training is in epidemiology and naturopathic medicine. My research includes the application of various CAHC therapies in the treatment of chronic disease, as well as approaches for integrative healthcare. For example, one of my current projects is investigating the use of acupuncture in childhood anxiety. Another area of focus is the role of nutrition, in particular multi-micronutrients in maternal (mental) health and child neurocognitive development. For example, my research has examined the role of prenatal micronutrient supplementation on maternal mood and child development, the importance of nutrition during pregnancy and for child brain development.
Research Expertise: Ecophysiology, microclimatology, ecohydrology, grasslands, riparian ecosystems, alpine environments, and Latin America.
Research Expertise: Race, Sexuality & Law; Critical Race Feminisms; Politics of Nationalism, Multiculturalism & Queer Rights.
Research Expertise: Couple therapy evidence-based research, Counsellor training, Pathological gambling, Addictions, Immigrants and pathological gambling, Chinese cultural beliefs and values in gambling, Spirituality and healing
Research Expertise: Intergroup Behavioural Variation in Nonhuman Primates. Behavioural Innovation and Traditions. Social Learning. Cultural Behaviours. Adaptive and Non-adaptive Behaviours. Developmental, Mechanistic, Functional, and Phylogenetic Approaches to Primate Behaviour.
Research Expertise: Economics of agricultural production, Marketing and trade, Economics of biofuels, Economics of emerging water markets, Austrian economics.
Research Expertise: Dr. Laurendeau's research interests coalesce around risk, gender, embodiment, emotion and physical culture. He employs a number of research methods - including ethnography, interviews, textual analysis and autoethnography - in order to interrogate these issues from a critical perspective. He has a number of research projects in various stages, exploring such substantive topics as BASE jumping, Search and Rescue organizations, and 'progressive' fatherhood.
Research Expertise: Physical activity, active transportation, independent mobility, outdoor play, sedentary behaviour, population health, social-ecological theory.
Research Expertise: Ecology and evolution; Plant-insect interactions; Evolution of senescence; Evolution of cooperation; Non-transitive competition and species coexistence; Ecological modeling.
Research Expertise: Restoration & Eighteenth-Century Literature
Research Expertise: Dr. Kukucha will only consider supervisory inquiries from students interested in the Master of Arts in Political Science. Canadian foreign policy, International political economy, Canadian federalism, Sub-federal foreign trade policy, International relations, Canada-US relations.
Research Expertise: • Role of epigenetic dysregulation in carcinogenesis; • Epigenetic regulation of the cancer treatment responses; • Radiation epigenetics and role of epigenetic changes in genome stability and carcinogenesis; • Radiation-induced oncogenic signaling; • Radiation-induced DNA damage, repair and recombination.
Research Expertise: We are interested in genetics and epigenetics of plant response to stress. We study the influence of various internal (metabolic activity, biological clock, development) and external (abiotic - ionizing and UVB radiation, chemicals; biotic - pathogens like viruses, viroids, fungi etc. stresses) factors on plant genome stability. In particular we are interested in epigenetic regulation of transgenerational adaptation to stress. Also, we are trying to develop novel methods for improvement of plant transformation.
Research Expertise: Dr. Kossuth's primary research focus is the history of sport, recreation, and leisure in 19th and early 20th century Canada. Within this broader field of inquiry his interests range from examining various local historical experiences, the sports of rugby and Canadian football, and issues relating to masculinity and manliness as located in various sport and recreation practices.
Research Expertise: Economics of agricultural production, policies, trade and technological improvements.
Research Expertise: Policy, power & inequality, personhood, neoliberalisms, globalization, language & discourse, happiness & wellbeing, Aotearoa/New Zealand, Canada, Samoa.
Research Expertise: Hydrology, GIS, Watershed modelling, Water resources research, Climate change impacts, Terrain analysis, Spatial analyses.
Research Expertise: Hadamard matrices, Orthogonal designs and applications.
Research Expertise: Islamic Mystical Thought; Islamic Theology and Philosophy; Classical and Modern Islamic Responses to Religious Diversity; Comparative Mysticism and the Perennial Philosophy; The Judeo-Islamic Tradition.
Research Expertise: Lynn's research interests focus on the Southern United States before the Civil War, particularly on the link between domestic relationships and broader social and political structures. Her book "Born Southern: Childbirth, Motherhood & Social Networks in the Old South" was published by Johns Hopkins University Press in 2010. Her current book project is examining the use of gossip in forming social communities among elite whites in the antebellum South. She is also working on research that explores the gender, race, and class relationships involved in the tasks of sewing and clothing production within the Southern household.
Research Expertise: Gender & Health, Rural Men's Health, Indigenous Masculinities, Population Studies & Health, Men in Nursing, Nursing Pedagogy, and Statistical Methods.
Research Expertise: Asymptotics and special functions, Asymptotics of functions defined by Laplace-type integrals and Mellin-Barnes integrals, Hadamard expansions of solutions of differential equations and integral representations.
Research Expertise: Local Food Systems Project The number of people in North America who shop regularly at farmers' markets has grown remarkably over the last several decades. This development has been loosely attributed to factors ranging from changing consumer preferences regarding food, to concerns over the conventional agri-food system. However, with some exceptions the growing popularity of farmers' markets has attracted scant attention from researchers. Consquently, there are many interesting questions to answer and areas to explore. The following four objectives inform the Local Food Systems Project: 1. To document costumer shopping patterns and preferences. 2. To develop demographic and geographic profiles of those who regularly shop at farmers' markets. 3. To determine the factors and values which motivate people who shop at farmers' markets. 4. To assist the operators of participating farmers' markets to better understand their custumer base.
Research Expertise: Glaciology, Ice flow dynamics, Glacier-environment, Remote sensing, Glaciological field work, Svalbard, Greenland, Yukon Territory and Rocky Mountain glaciers, Glacier surging, Glacier-climate and snow-climate interactions, Statistical and numerical analysis of glacier systems, Glacier inventories, Quaternary Geology and Sedimentology, Glacial and periglacial geomorphology.
Research Expertise: Dr. Jansen will only consider supervisory inquiries from students interested in the Master of Arts in Political Science. Canadian politics, Elections and voting in Canada, Canadian political parties, Party finance, Alberta politics and government, Representation and electoral systems, Preferential voting (STV and AV) in Canada, The impact of the Internet on political communication in Canada.
Research Expertise: My research interests are broad and currently encompass three major areas of research: Evolutionary Neurobiology Neuroendocrine Control of Social Behaviours Neurobehavioural Effects of Endocrine Disruptors
Research Expertise: chronic disease, self-management, health communication, motivational interviewing, health coaching, undergraduate nursing student education
Research Expertise: Shahadat Hossain a recent addition to the computer science faculty has research interests include optimization algorithms and software, and automatic differentiation. He has developed efficient techniques for computing large sparse derivative matrices that use underlying structure. The emphasis of his work is on the combinatorial aspects of the studied problems and resulting algorithms. In particular, graph theory has been used as a tool for deriving new results and techniques. Shahadat's research is supported by NSERC.
Research Expertise: Dr. Hontela's general area of interest is Endocrine Toxicology, study of the effects of toxicants on the endocrine system that regulates physiological functions through hormones. Specifically, she is investigating in teleost fishes and amphibians the effects of pollutants on the adrenal function and corticosteroid hormones such as cortisol and corticosterone. These hormones have an important role in metabolism, osmoregulation and the immune function. Some environmental pollutants disrupt the intracellular pathways leading to synthesis of corticosteroids, with consequences on animal's health. Ongoing studies in Dr. Hontela's laboratory focus on health assessment of aquatic species exposed to agri-chemicals and metals such as selenium, in Western Canada and investigations of the mechanisms through which adrenotoxic chemicals interfere with the normal synthesis of corticosteroid hormones. Field studies, together with in vitro bioassays and pharmacological tests are used to better understand the effects of specific pollutants on the endocrine system of fish and amphibians. Data from such studies are needed for Ecological Risk Assessment, the process evaluating safety of new chemicals released into the aquatic environment.
Research Expertise: Feminist Constitutionalism, Constitutional Law; Gender, Race, Space, Sexuality and the Law; Postcolonial, Indigenous, Queer and Critical Race Feminisms; Human Rights and Political Economy.
Research Expertise: The evolution and development of social cognition in human and non-human primates. Embodied and distributed cognition. Ecology and evolution of primate sociality, including sexual conflict, parental investment and maternal effects.
Research Expertise: Cultural studies, poststructural feminist theory, and popular culture as they intersect with sport, physical activity and the body, Media constructions of physical activity and sport discourses, Production and consumption of cultural identities, Desire and identification, 'Belonging' and community.
Research Expertise: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Computational Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry, Fluoropolymers, Fuel Cells, Composite Materials, Spin Dynamics, Chemical Exchange, Solid-state.
Research Expertise: Organometallic chemistry, Inorganic chemistry, Organic chemistry, Catalysis, Synthesis, Early transition metal chemistry, Late transition metal chemistry, Polymerization, Green chemistry, Air sensitive chemistry.
Research Expertise: History of warfare, violence and of women and gender in the Middle Ages, Military career of Countess Matilda of Canossa (1046-1115), Contemporary reactions to a woman's leadership in war, Medieval military theory and theology, The Crusades, Canon Law, Social violence and masculinity, The Investiture Contest, Medieval history, Military history.
Research Expertise: Modern & contemporary drama, Irish drama.
Research Expertise: Literacy, life-writing, and literary metissage in the digital and cultural commons; Canadian transnational curriculum theory and practice; Teaching and teacher education in the context of multiple literacies and arts-based inquiry; and Community and university partnerships in literacy and curriculum studies.
Research Expertise: Canadian society, Political sociology, Public policy.
Research Expertise: Primary areas of interest include Japanese Buddhism and the cross-cultural exchange between Asia and the West that has shaped the development of modern Buddhism worldwide in the past century and a half. This has included research on Buddhism in Canada, such as Jodo Shinshu in southern Alberta, as well as research in Asia, Europe, and the United States. Secondary areas of interest include Scholarly Approaches to the Study and Teaching of Religion (see sastor.com) as well as the co-authored (both with Hillary Rodrigues) Introduction to the Study of Religion (Routledge 2009) and follow-up The Study of Religion: A Reader (2013). Recent projects include: editing the volume, Studying Buddhism in Practice (2012), for a new Routledge series, Studying Religions in Practice (Hillary Rodrigues, series editor); and serving as one of the authors and one of three editors (with Victor Sogen Hori and Alexander Soucy) for Flowers on the Rock: Global and Local Buddhisms in Canada (McGill-Queens University Press in 2014). This volume, which analyzes the dramatic growth of Buddhism in Canada in global and historical contexts, both follows up on our co-edited book, Wild Geese: Studies of Buddhism in Canada (MQUP, 2010), and launches our current five-year SSHRC research project, "The Modernization of Buddhism in Global Perspective".
Research Expertise: Drinking water security in Indigenous communities; Drinking water security in rural communities; the history of Arctic exploration; the Mi'Kmaq, especially Newfoundland Mi'Kmaq; the Inuit, especially the Labrador Inuit; Indigenous health; and contemporary Indigenous philosophy.
Research Expertise: Research methods and design; Program evaluation; and Pre-service teacher preparation.
Research Expertise: Inclusive education; Differentiated instruction; and Undergraduate teacher preparation.
Research Expertise: Critical thinking in social studies; Insight theory in education; Philosophy of education; and Critical thinking in nursing education.
Research Expertise: Technology and mental health; Using technology to reduce barriers in accessing health services in rural populations; and Simulation-based approaches to interdisciplinary health team education.
Research Expertise: Action and perception, visually-guided actions, grasping, handedness, cerebral asymmetries, brain plasticity, recovery of function.
Research Expertise: Cancer Research, Cell division, DNA damage, Pharmaceutical industry.
Research Expertise: Ecology and evolution of host/parasite interactions – The focus in my lab is on the ecology and evolution of animal parasites and their hosts. In our parasite-centred focus, we are interested in how natural selection shapes patterns of parasite growth, development, reproduction, and life-histories. In our host-centred focus, we seek to understand the nature of parasite-induced effects on host individuals and host populations, and how such effects impact the evolution of their hosts. Some of the topics we currently investigate are: Context-dependent outcomes in trematode/fish and virus/amphibian interactions Altered behaviour in trematode-infected ants and minnows Ecology of multi-parasitism Behavioural defenses of hosts to parasitism Population genetic structure of larval and adult Dicrocoelium Evolution and phylogeny of the trematode genus, Ornithodiplostomum Feeding and encystment strategies of larval trematodes Ecology and evolution of the monogenean trematode, Gyrodactylus olfactorius (n. sp.) in minnows Applied parasitology – I am interested in where and when domestic animals that graze on pasture are most at risk of infection with gastro-intestinal worms. A further focus is to clarify the production costs associated with infection. Our overall aim is to provide information to producers that will help them develop optimal treatment regimes for the control of worms. We combine experiments involving experimentally-infected hosts, development of immuno-diagnostic tools, application of geographical information systems, and standard host surveys to answer the following questions: How are parasites transmitted within communities of grazing animals that share pasture? Where and when are cattle most at risk of infection with worms in Alberta? Do larvae of common worms in cattle overwinter on Alberta pastures? Can worm antigens that are present in host feces be used to identify ‘wormy’ individuals in a herd? Ecology of emerging parasites and pathogens – Emerging pathogens and parasites are recognized as important threats to global biodiversity. We have a poor understanding of how these emerging parasites and pathogens enter populations of wild and domestic hosts in Alberta. Furthermore, we have a poor understanding of their consequences for new host populations, and we rarely understand the factors that promote or constrain their subsequent spread into novel areas and novel hosts. Current areas of emphasis are: Landscape epidemiology of invasive lancet liver fluke in ants and snails in Alberta Ecological epidemiology of an emerging virus (ATV) in endangered populations of blotched tiger salamander in Alberta Enemy-release and parasitism of the invasive snail, Radix auricularia, in southern Alberta wetlands Prairie biodiversity and conservation – The landscape in Southern Alberta comprises a mosaic of habitats that are dominated by short- and mixed-grass prairie that is characteristic of the Northern Great Plains. The natural history of the region is spectacular for its biodiversity. Our focus lies in determining key demographic characteristics of poorly-known animal taxa that are potentially threatened in this region: Oreohelid land snails, especially O. cooperi and Oreohelix sp. that may be endemic to the Cypress Hills region of Southeastern Alberta Unionid clams, particularly within biodiversity hotspots in the Battle River in central Alberta, and its tributaries Blotched tiger salamander, Ambystoma mavortium, in foothills habitats where emerging Ambystoma tigrinum virus (ATV) is common Long-toed salamander, Ambystoma macrodactylum, in foothills and montane regions of the northern Rocky Mountains
Research Expertise: Métis history, Métis culture and politics, Indigenous/settler relations in Canada, Indigenous musics, Indigenous sound ecology, traditional musics, (Multi)cultural festivals, ethnography and ethnomusicology, and research creation.
Research Expertise: Experiential influences on brain development. Factors influencing recovery after early brain injury.
Research Expertise: International Economics, Development Economics, Agricultural and Resource Economics, Food Economics, Applied Econometrics.
Research Expertise: French nineteenth-century literature (in particular Honoré de Balzac and Gustave Flaubert), French realism, Representations of difference, gender and sexual difference, Nineteenth-century continental philosophy (such as phenomenology) and literature, Twentieth-century French literature (such as Marguerite Duras), Twentieth-century literary theory, Ethical philosophy, Feminist theory, Theories of psychoanalysis.
Research Expertise: Inorganic fluorine chemistry, Solution and solid-state NMR spectroscopy, Vibrational spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography.
Research Expertise: Historical linguistics, Sociolinguistics, History of linguistics, Functional discourse grammar: Irish, Dutch, English and Blackfoot
Research Expertise: Design and analysis of approximation algorithms for optimization problems, supported by NSERC Discovery Grant 2014-2019.
Research Expertise: Canadian literature; Children's literature; 19th-century literature; national identities; WWI studies; Canadian childhoods; landscape and literature; British imperial fiction; interdisciplinary child and youth studies.
Research Expertise: The Earth is being influenced by environmental changes such as elevated atmospheric trace gas concentrations and associated shifts in climate. There is much uncertainty about the consequences of these changes for ecosystem function and for potential feedbacks to the climate system. Terrestrial ecosystems, in particular, present a significant problem for analyzing global change because of the great diversity among ecosystems in species composition, physiological properties, physical structure and environmental conditions. A major objective of my research program is to further understand the fundamental processes that occur during terrestrial ecosystem-atmosphere interactions. In my research I make use of tools and technologies from a range of disciplines (plant physiology, ecology, geochemistry and meteorology). I am currently studying ecosystem CO2, water vapor and energy exchange using the eddy covariance technique in grassland and peatland ecosystems in Alberta as part of the Fluxnet-Canada and Ameriflux research networks. These long-term measurement programs contribute in a number of ways to better understand ecosystem response to global environmental change. In collaboration with Canadian colleagues, measurements of ecosystem-level CO2, water and energy exchange at my research sites have been used to test and evaluate the ecosys and CLASS models. Both the ecosys and CLASS models are being used to support studies of carbon accounting and management. In addition, the CLASS model is used as a component in the Canadian Regional and Global Climate models. Interaction and feedback between vegetation and the atmosphere occurs via exchanges of CO2 and H2O gases during photosynthesis, evapo-transpiration, and respiration. On seasonal and annual time scales, changes in the stable isotope ratio of atmospheric CO2 result from isotope effects that occur during these ecosystem-atmosphere gas exchange processes. Monitoring shifts in the stable isotope ratio of atmospheric CO2 can potentially be used as a tool to study large-scale ecosystem-atmosphere interactions. Such an application requires, however, a detailed understanding of the mechanisms causing the isotope effects. A long-term objective of my research program is to determine the physiological mechanisms causing stable isotope fractionation during photosynthesis, transpiration, and respiration at both the leaf and ecosystem levels. We have recently developed a mechanistic, ecosystem-scale model of stable carbon isotope effects that occur during photosynthesis and respiration. This model is currently being applied and tested with empirical measurements made during the Fluxnet-Canada program at several research sites across the country. We have also recently completed a synthesis study involving our stable isotope measurements in Canada in comparison with similar measurements made at Ameriflux sites in the USA. Remote sensing of biophysical properties of the land surface combined with climate data potentially allows calculation and extrapolation of ecological and physiological characteristics of ecosystems to larger spatial scales. The MODIS sensor on the Aqua and Terra satellites launched by NASA collects surface reflectance data and uses this data in conjunction with ecosystem models to calculate a variety of physiological and ecological attributes of ecosystems on a global basis. Testing of the relationships between the reflectance characteristics of vegetation and associated physiological changes is an important aspect of current research being conducted to evaluate the performance and quality of information provided by the MODIS sensor. My grassland research site is one of a select number of research sites chosen for testing and evaluating the MODIS calculations used to convert reflectance measurements into ecosystem physiological and ecological information. Peatland ecosystems are very tightly coupled to climate and the hydrological cycle, and are very susceptible to the effects of climate change. Relatively small changes in soil moisture and temperature can dramatically alter carbon cycling in peatlands. For example, warmer temperatures and a lowering of the water table may increase the release of CO2 and convert these ecosystems from a net sink to a net source of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Shifts in the water table may also influence the production and release of methane to the atmosphere. I have initiated studies of the controls on methane exchange to complement my on-going studies of CO2 and water vapor exchange in peatlands in northern Alberta.
Research Expertise: Eighteenth-Century France, Age of Revolutions, Environmental & Disaster History, History of Medicine, Women and Gender Studies, Mediterranean and Atlantic Worlds in the Eighteenth Century.
Research Expertise: Ancient military and social history, Hellenistic world and the later Roman Empire, Gladiatorial combat in the ancient.
Research Expertise: Organic Synthesis, Applied organic spectroscopy, Isobenzofurans, Cyclophanes, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Ring-chain tautomerism.
Research Expertise: Darwinism, The history and philosophy of science, The history and epistemology of paleoanthropology, Human evolution.
Research Expertise: Postcolonial Literatures, and African Literatures.
Research Expertise: Theoretical Physics, Particularly in Quantum Gravity phenomenology.
Research Expertise: Classical and Quantum General Relativity (Quantum Gravity), Cosmology, Black Hole Physics, Quantum Gravity Phenomenology, Singularities in spacetime, Quantum Information Theory. Other interests: History of Science Philosophy of Science
Research Expertise: Economic growth, income inequality and poverty; Open Economy Macroeconomics; International trade and development; and Monetary policy regimes.
Research Expertise: A social epidemiologist by training, my research explores the upstream determinants of Aboriginal health, strength and resilience in Canada. I work in partnership with urban and rural Aboriginal communities to examine health determinants, and to develop and evaluate interventions that address community-identified health needs for children, youth and adults.
Research Expertise: I am an anthropological archaeologist interested in domestic production and exchange. I have conducted archaeological research in the Canadian Great Plains, southern Ontario and the American Southwest and ethnographic research in West Africa. My last project was an ethnoarchaeological study of ceramic exchange and consumption in the Inland Niger Delta of Mali. I am currently developing a new archaeological research program focused on how households negotiated their integration into the 13th-15th C. Casas Grandes Regional System in what is now Chihuahua, Mexico.
Research Expertise: Comparative study of social complexity and social inequality, ancient economies and agrarian systems, andean archaeology.
Research Expertise: Dr. Copeland's main research interests are the effect of physical activity and sedentary behaviour on health across the lifespan, with a particular focus on healthy ageing. Her research includes both experimental work and analysis of large data sets. Recently, Dr. Copeland co-organized, with Dr. Shilpa Dogra, a CIHR-funded consensus meeting of international experts on sedentary behaviour and healthy ageing. She is also interested in the impact of movement behaviours on stress resilience and is currently studying the effect of physically active lifestyles on allostatic load. Dr. Copeland has expertise in the assessment of movement behaviours using both self-report and objective measures, such as accelerometers. Dr. Copeland's laboratory, the Active Healthy Aging Lab, has received funding from CIHR, CFI, PolicyWise for Children and Families, the Sport Science Association of Alberta, and other agencies. Dr. Copeland is passionate about translating research into knowledge so that her work can ultimately contribute to improving population health. To achieve that goal she regularly collaborates with community partners and stakeholders, and takes every opportunity to present and explain the evidence of why people of all ages should move more and sit less!
Research Expertise: Turn-of-the-century French women novelists; 20th &21st century novel; Representation of schooling in 20th and 21st century literature.
Research Expertise: Remote sensing science, Image processing, Environmental remote sensing, Bidirectional reflectance.
Research Expertise: Addiction; Substance Abuse and Gambling. Choice and Decision-Making, Learning and Acquisition, Mathematical Models, Quantitative Analyses, Pharmacology, Neuroscience.
Research Expertise: Computer algebra, Symbolic linear algebra, Polynomial arithmetic, High-precision evaluation of constants, Compression and encryption algorithms for images and videos, Image processing.
Research Expertise: Ecosystem change and impact on wildfire burn severity; Wetland eco-hydrology with northern and oil sands environments; Permafrost dynamics, thaw, ecology; Forest biomass, carbon and water fluxes; Disturbance; Remote sensing and GIS; LiDAR, optical image processing; Watershed hydrology, hydro-meteorology; Climatology.
Research Expertise: Yllias Chali conducts research in various aspects of natural language processing, including text summarization, text generation, question answering, question generation, and knowledge representation for natural language. Together with his graduate students, he is working on several related projects funded by NSERC.
Research Expertise: General: Applied Research, Intervention Research, Program Evaluation, Systems Research, Mixed Research MethodsFocus: Therapeutic Recreation, Non-pharmacological Treatment of Responsive Behaviours, Organizational Behaviour, Empowerment, Leadership, Interprofessional Teamwork and Collaboration, Quality of Care and Quality of Life in Continuing Care, Dementia Care, Holistic Approaches to Wellness
Research Expertise: Global environmental change and water resources, has given expert testimony to environmental hearings and legal proceedings on climate change, water and environmental issues. He is the lead scientist and producer of the 2002 award winning Global Change three-part Television series; the 2004 seven-part TV series Water under Fire, Choking Lake Winnipeg (2011) and co-produced a series of videos on climate change science and solutions in 2014. (see Educational Media Production)
Research Expertise: Autobiographical inquiry and professional knowledge; Professional health and well-being; Program review and development; and Policy analysis and development.
Research Expertise: History of Russia and the Soviet Union, Modern European History, Welfare States, Environmental History, History of Medicine
Research Expertise: Aboriginal education; Teacher's work in First Nations communities; Narrative inquiry; Critical perspective of policy; and Indigenous youth mental health.
Research Expertise: Molecular ecology (birds), the role of physical and non-physical barriers in the evolution of high latitude species, namely birds, how individuals isolated in ice-free refugia during the last glaciation expanded into previously glaciated areas as the climate warmed, and how their dispersal was affected by barriers.
Research Expertise: Excavation methodology, geoarchaeology, postdepositional processes, Plains Archaeology, Near Eastern Archaeology, human evolution, lithic analysis, faunal analysis.
Research Expertise: Philosophical logic, Preservationism, Paraconsistency, Philosophy of science, Evolution.
Research Expertise: Writing across the grade levels; Children's and young adult literature in teaching; Teaching multi-literacies across the curriculum; Language and literacy in early childhood education; and Bullying prevention, cyber-bullying, and digital citizenship.
Research Expertise: Cultural Studies of the Body; Critical Multiculturalism; Visual Narratives of Race and Labour in Film and Television (with a focus on comedy, melodrama and science fiction).
Research Expertise: Care work, rural health, long-term care, older adults, political economy, health sociology, health geography, health equity, social determinants of health, health care ethics, public health
Research Expertise: Gender, migration and citizenship, Globalization and development, Women and religion/spirituality.
Research Expertise: Dr. Bomhof's research investigates how exercise affects appetite and why it is difficult to reduce weight through exercise alone. His research examines how nutrition and dietary patterns impact exercise-induced appetite response. With a better understanding of how physical activity and nutrition interact to affect metabolism and eating habits, it is hoped that we may ultimately be able to develop more effective strategies to treat obesity and associated metabolic disease.
Research Expertise: Main Group Chemistry, Materials Chemistry, Free-radicals, Synthesis, X-ray crystallography, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectroscopy, Multi-nuclear NMR Spectroscopy, Electrochemistry, Computational Chemistry, Structural Chemistry.
Research Expertise: Canadian Social Trends, Sociology of Religion, Sociology of Youth
Research Expertise: Career development; Behavioural disorders; At-risk youth; and The professional practice of psychology.
Research Expertise: 20th and 21st-century Literature (American and British); Literature and Science; New Media and Storytelling
Research Expertise: Algorithms and data structures, Networks, Optimization, Operations Research, Facility Location
Research Expertise: Dr. Belanger will only consider supervisory inquiries from students interested in the Master of Arts in Political Science. First Nations/Aboriginal Gaming and Gambling; Aboriginal Housing and Homelessness; Youth Homelessness; Media, Communications and Politics.
Research Expertise: Emerging technology in education; Gender and technology; Online teaching and learning; Leadership and technology; and Gaming in education.
Research Expertise: The evolution and development of social cognition in human and non-human primates. Embodied and distributed cognition. Ecology and evolution of primate sociality, including sexual conflict, parental investment and maternal effects.
Research Expertise: Climate change, Glaciations, Geomorphology, Geology, Soils, Drainage basins, Sediment and rock magnetism, Magnetostratigraphy, Quaternary Stratigraphy, Glacial Landforms, Paleo River Systems, Paleopedology (buried soils), Geoarchaeology.
Research Expertise: Sports academies: The effects on students, school, and communities; Assessment and technology in physical education; and Team cohesion/group dynamics in youth sports.
Research Expertise: Introductory Statistics Applied Statistics Advanced Statistics Biostatistics Business Statistics Business Mathematics Intermediate Algebra Data Analysis Statistical Concepts and Methods Probability Theory, Statistics for Biologists Statistics for Scientists
Research Expertise: My area of interest lies in cultural and environmental anthropology with a focus on rurality, rural/urban relations, local knowledge, environmental history, northern environments, and ideas of place. More specifically, my work thus far has focused on rural and northern Canadian settler populations, and the areas of agriculture, hunting, trapping, environmentalism and forestry. I am interested in how people understand place, how contemporary environmental understandings can be grounded in historic interpretations, and how knowledge of place can be relevant and pertinent knowledge in the face of development.
Research Expertise: My research interests are in software engineering, with particular interest in how to use software development project artifacts, such as bug reports and source revision history, to support software maintenance decisions such as the bug report triage process. My teaching ranges from introductory computer science courses to undergraduate and graduate courses in software engineering.
Research Expertise: Memory, categorization of things remembered, medical expertise in diagnosis and directed forgetting.
Research Expertise: Resource Economics, Regional Economics, Water Resource Management
Research Expertise: I joined the University of Lethbridge in July 2013, and am currently Assistant Professor of History and Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in Child and Youth Studies. I am the Director of the U of L's Institute for Child and Youth Studies (I-CYS), and a co-editor of the peer-reviewed journal Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures. PhD in History, York University (2010) MA in History, York University (2003) BA (Honours) in English & History, the University of Winnipeg (2002) I offer undergraduate and graduate courses in the History Department and the U of L's interdisciplinary graduate programs in Cultural, Social, and Political Thought. My recent and ongoing courses include: HIST 2850 History of Childhood HIST 3850 Britain & WWI HIST 4850 Girls & Girlhood Across Time, Space, & Culture SSCI 5207 History & Culture: The History of the Emotions HIST 5850 Historiography For upper-level undergraduate students, I offer Independent Studies, Applied Studies, and Co-Op supervision in the history of childhood, British imperial history, Canadian social and cultural history, gender history, the history of the emotions, and the history of the First World War. I am also happy to supervise Honours, MA, and PhD students in these areas.
Research Expertise: Number Theory, L-functions, Reduction mod p of elliptic curves, Polynomials over finite fields.
Research Expertise: Action research and collaborative inquiry, teacher-preparation and inquiry-based professional learning; and Leadership and system/school improvement. Tertiary instructional effectiveness and adult learning.
Research Expertise: Dr. Adams was recently appointed a Tier II Board of Governors Research Chair in the Humanities (2017-2019). Her research interests include historical and sociological inquiry of sport, recreation and leisure. She is currently working on two major research projects. The Nikkei Memory Capture Project is a trans-national oral history collaboration (with Dr. Darren Aoki at Plymouth University, UK) exploring the stories of Japanese Canadians in southern Alberta after the Second World War. Her SSHRC (Sport Participation Research Initiative) funded project, in collaboration with Dr. Hart Cantelon, explores issues of community revitalization and rural survival in Southern Alberta through a case study of the Warner Hockey School in Warner, Alberta. Dr. Adams received a B.H.K from the University of Windsor (2001) and a Ph.D. from The University of Western Ontario (2007). She is a founding member of the Centre for Oral History and Tradition. Dr. Adams supervises students in the Kinesiology and Cultural, Social and Political Thought MA and PhD majors and she is currently accepting graduate students.
Research Expertise: Book project on biological issues in the Victorian novel; Translation of novel by Chava Rosenfarb from Yiddish into English; Book project on language columns written for the Montreal Gazette.
Research Expertise: My research area is Analytic number Theory, which means that I use analytic tools, like Fourier analysis, to answer some questions in number theory and arithmetic. More precisely, my research concerns the theory of Dirichlet L-functions and the distribution of prime numbers.
Research Expertise: Dr. Hale will only consider supervisory inquiries from students interested in the Master of Arts in Political Science. Public policy, Canada-US Relations, North American integration, Fiscal and tax policies, Politics of foreign investment and capital markets, border security and management, Business and government, emergency management.
Research Expertise: Spanish Golden Age Literature, Spanish Golden Age theatre, Textual criticism, Works of Pedro Calderón de la Barca (1600-1681).