Many North American Indigenous languages are struggling for survival as more and more of their speakers switch to English as a dominant mode of communication. In order to counter this trend, many Indigenous communities are engaging in language revitalization and maintenance. However, efforts aimed at revitalizing and stabilizing languages need to be carefully coordinated and planned. In this course, students will be introduced to techniques for developing short-, medium-, and long-term plans for language vitality and sustainability. The course will be divided into two parts: Social, cultural, and linguistic factors affecting Indigenous languages will be explored in the first part. The second part will focus on policy and planning strategy.