As we were about to move off, a man came hurrying down the trail. He [Pfister] proved to be one of the Helena party. He said they were attacked at noon. Frank and I concluded that Poker Joe knew what he was talking about when he told us to travel all night. A horse was provided for this man, hurry orders given, and we set out for the [Mammoth Hot] Springs....

Emma Cowan

Fred Pfister
Mammoth Hot Springs



The Nez Perce Flight to Canada - An Introduction

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