That force of yours should pursue the Nez Perces to the death, lead where they may... If you are tired give the command to some energetic officer and let him follow them, go where they may, holding his men well in hand, subsisting them on beef gathered in the country, with coffee, sugar and salt, on packs. For such a stern chase, infantry are as good as cavalry.

Gen. William T. Sherman
General of the U.S. Army

When Howard crossed the Bitterroot Mountains he left the Columbia department for which he was responsible. His immediate superior was General McDowell who was in charge of the Division of the Pacific.

Howard was told to pay no attention to divisional boundaries and to follow the Nez Perce until they are defeated or driven out of the country.

General McDowell



The Nez Perce Flight to Canada - An Introduction

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