Chief Joseph was traded back to his People in exchange for Lieutenant Jerome
... Late in the afternoon of the second, Joseph raised a white flag. Cheers greeted its first appearance and soon under it the Nez Perce Chief, his clothing pierced with over a dozen bullets, although he was still unharmed, stood face to face with his opponent.
While he was willing to treat he did not admit that his case was desperate, and his first proposition was to be allowed to march out armed and mounted, abandoning only the position to his foe. He was willing to fight still, but wished to save his women and children. So did the opposing commander, though refusing to entertain this proposition, and the Nez Perce went back to renew the battle....
Capt. Henry Romeyn
The Nez Perce Flight to Canada - An Introduction
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