Canada is a federal state, a parliamentary democracy, and a constitutional monarchy. Our Head of State is the Sovereign, or British Monarch. This role is mostly symbolic and historical, and clearly separated from that of the Head of Government, who is the Prime Minister of Canada—the person who actually directs the governing of the country.
Canada has three levels of government: federal, provincial, and municipal. The Prime Minister is the head of the federal government, which is based in Ottawa. The federal government deals with national and international matters, such as mail, taxes, money and banking, shipping and railways, criminal law, foreign affairs, immigration and national defence. A premier leads each province and territory; provincial and territorial governments are each responsible for education, healthcare, and road regulations. Municipal or city governments are responsible for parks, parking, libraries, roadways, emergency services, and other local issues.
In Canada, any citizen over the age of 18 has the right to vote in municipal, provincial, or federal elections.