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Do people differentially remember cheaters?

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dc.contributor.author Barclay, Pat
dc.contributor.author Lalumière, Martin L.
dc.date.accessioned 2007-10-01T15:00:49Z
dc.date.available 2007-10-01T15:00:49Z
dc.date.issued 2006-03
dc.identifier.citation Barclay, P., & Lalumière, M. L. (2006). Do people differentially remember cheaters? Human Nature, 17, 98-113. en
dc.identifier.issn 1045-6767
dc.identifier.issn 1936-4776
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10133/500
dc.description The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com en
dc.description.abstract The evolution of reciprocal altruism probably involved the evolution of mechanisms to detect cheating and remember cheaters. In a well-known study, Mealey, Daood, and Krage (1996) observed that participants had enhanced memory for faces that had previously been associated with descriptions of acts of cheating. There were, however, problems with the descriptions that were used in that study. We sought to replicate and extend the findings of Mealey and colleagues by using more controlled descriptions and by examining the possibility of enhanced altruist recognition. We also examined whether individual differences in cheating tendencies were related to cheater and altruist recognition. In the first experiment, 164 undergraduates saw 40 faces that were paired with character descriptions representing the categories of cheater, trustworthy, altruist, or neutral, for individuals who had either low or high social status. One week later participants reported which faces they recognized from the previous week (among 80 faces). Overall, the results failed to replicate the findings of Mealey and her colleagues, as there was no enhanced memory for cheaters. In addition, there was no enhanced memory for altruists, and no effect of participants’ cheating tendencies. A second experiment using a slightly different methodology produced similar results, with some evidence for enhanced memory for altruists. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Transaction Publishers [Springer as of February 2007] en
dc.subject Altruism en
dc.subject Deception en
dc.subject Memory en
dc.title Do people differentially remember cheaters? en
dc.type Article en
dc.publisher.faculty Arts and Science en
dc.publisher.department Psychology en
dc.description.peer-review Yes en
dc.publisher.institution McMaster University en
dc.publisher.institution University of Lethbridge en


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