Browsing Neuroscience by Issue Date

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  • Zucchi, Fabiola C. R.; Yao, Youli; Ward, Isaac D.; Ilnytskyy, Yaroslav; Olson, David M.; Benzies, Karen; Kovalchuk, Igor; Kovalchuk, Olga; Metz, Gerlinde A. S. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceDepartment of Biological SciencesUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of Mato Grosso StateUniversity of AlbertaUniversity of Calgary, 2013)
    The gestational state is a period of particular vulnerability to diseases that affect maternal and fetal health. Stress during gestation may represent a powerful influence on maternal mental health and offspring brain ...
  • Christie, Gregory J.; Cook, Charles M.; Ward, Brian J.; Tata, Matthew S.; Sutherland, Janice; Sutherland, Robert J.; Saucier, Deborah M. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeSimon Fraser UniversityUniversity of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2013)
    This study investigated how both sex and individual differences in a mental rotation test (MRT) influence performance on working memory (WM). To identify the neural substrate supporting these differences, brain electrical ...
  • Milstein, Jean A.; Elnabawi, Ahmed; Vinish, Monika; Swanson, Thomas; Enos, Jennifer K.; Bailey, Aileen M.; Kolb, Bryan; Frost, Douglas O. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineSt. Mary's College of MarylandUniversity of Lethbridge, 2013)
    Antipsychotic drugs are increasingly used in children and adolescents to treat a variety of psychiatric disorders. However, little is known about the long-term effects of early life antipsychotic drug treatment. Most ...
  • Walsh, Stig A.; Iwaniuk, Andrew N.; Knoll, Monja A.; Bourdon, Estelle; Barrett, Paul M.; Milner, Angela C.; Nudds, Robert L.; Abel, Richard L.; Sterpaio, Patricia Dello (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceNational Museums of ScotlandUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of the West of ScotlandNatural History Museum (London, England)University of ManchesterImperial College, LondonUniversity of Abertay Dundee, 2013)
    Extinct animal behavior has often been inferred from qualitative assessments of relative brain region size in fossil endocranial casts. For instance, flight capability in pterosaurs and early birds has been inferred from ...
  • Manitt, C.; Eng, C.; Pokinko, M.; Ryan, R. T.; Torres-Berrio, A.; Lopez, J. P.; Yogendran, S. V.; Daubaras, M. J. J.; Grant, A.; Schmidt, E. R. E.; Tronche, F.; Krimpenfort, P.; Cooper, H. M.; Pasterkamp, R. J.; Kolb, Bryan; Turecki, G.; Wong, T. P.; Nestler, E. J.; Giros, B.; Flores, C. (Macmillan PublishersArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceMcGill UniversityUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUniversite Pierre et Marie CurieThe Netherlands Cancer InstituteUniversity of QueenslandUniveristy of LethbridgeMount Sinai School of Medicine, 2013)
    Adolescence is a period of heightened susceptibility to psychiatric disorders of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) dysfunction and cognitive impairment. mPFC dopamine (DA) projections reach maturity only in early adulthood, ...
  • Ward, Isaac D.; Zucchi, Fabiola C.R.; Robbins, Jerrah C.; Falkenberg, Erin A.; Olson, David M.; Benzies, Karen; Metz, Gerlinde A. (BioMed CentralArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of AlbertaUniversity of Calgary, 2013)
    Peripartum events hold the potential to have dramatic effects in the programming of physiology and behaviour of offspring and possibly subsequent generations. Here we have characterized transgenerational changes in ...
  • Gomez-Lopez, Nardhy; Tanaka, Satomi; Zaeem, Zoya; Metz, Gerlinde A. S.; Olson, David M. (Biomed Central LtdArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of AlbertaUniversity of Lethbridge, 2013)
    Background: Parturition has been widely described as an immunological response; however, it is unknown how this is triggered. We hypothesized that an early event in parturition is an increased responsiveness of ...
  • Karl, Jenni M.; Whishaw, Ian Q. (Frontiers MediaArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2013)
    The Dual Visuomotor Channel Theory proposes that manual prehension consists of two temporally integrated movements, each subserved by distinct visuomotor pathways in occipitoparietofrontal cortex. The Reach is mediated ...
  • Gibb, Robbin L.; Gonzalez, Claudia L. R.; Kolb, Bryan (Frontiers Research FoundationArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2014)
    Birth is a particularly vulnerable time for acquiring brain injury. Unfortunately, very few treatments are available for those affected. Here we explore the effectiveness of prenatal intervention in an animal model of early ...
  • Faraji, Jamshid; Soltanpour, Nabiollah; Moeeini, Reza; Roudaki, Shabnam; Soltanpour, Nasrin; Abdollahi, Ali-Akbar; Metz, Gerlinde A. S. (Frontiers Research FoundationArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeGolestan University of Medical SciencesBabol University of Medical SciencesAvicenna Institute of Neuroscience, 2014)
    Silent focal ischemic mini infarcts in the brain are thought to cause no clinically overt symptoms. Some populations of hippocampal cells are particularly sensitive to ischemic events, however, rendering hippocampal ...
  • Gonzalez, Claudia L. R.; Mills, Kelly J.; Genee, Inge; Li, Fangfang; Piquette-Tomei, Noëlla A.; Rosen, Nicole; Gibb, Robbin L. (FrontiersArts and ScienceEducationDepartment of KinesiologyDepartment of Modern LanguagesDepartment of PsychologyDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2014)
    Executive Function (EF) refers to important socio-emotional and cognitive skills that are known to be highly correlated with both academic and life success. EF is a blanket term that is considered to include self-regulation, ...
  • Yao, Youli; Robinson, Alexandra M.; Zucchi, Fabiola C. R.; Robbins, Jerrah C.; Babenko, Olena M.; Kovalchuk, Olga; Kovalchuk, Igor; Olson, David M.; Metz, Gerlinde A. S. (BioMed CentralArts and ScienceDepartment of Biological SciencesUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of Alberta, 2014)
    Abstract Background: Chronic stress is considered to be one of many causes of human preterm birth (PTB), but no direct evidence has yet been provided. Here we show in rats that stress across generations has downstream ...
  • Gutierrez-Ibanez, Cristian I.; Iwaniuk, Andrew N.; Moore, Bret A.; Fernandez-Juricic, Esteban; Corfield, Jeremy R.; Krilow, Justin M.; Kolominsky, Jeffrey; Wylie, Douglas R. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of AlbertaUniversity of LethbridgePurdue University, 2014)
    Two main models have been proposed to explain how the relative size of neural structures varies through evolution. In the mosaic evolution model, individual brain structures vary in size independently of each other, whereas ...
  • Gonzalez, Claudia L. R.; Li, Fangfang; Mills, Kelly J.; Rosen, Nicole; Gibb, Robbin L. (Frontiers MediaArts and ScienceDepartment of Kinesiology and Physical EducationDepartment of PsychologyDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of Manitoba, 2014)
    Degree of lateralization for grasping predicts the maturity of the language production system in young, typically-developing children. In this report we provide compelling evidence for the relationship between right hand ...
  • Zucchi, Fabiola C. R.; Yao, Youli; Ilnytskyy, Yaroslav; Robbins, Jerrah C.; Soltanpour, Nasrin; Kovalchuk, Igor; Kovalchuk, Olga; Metz, Gerlinde A. S. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of Biological SciencesDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of Mato Grosso State, 2014)
    Prenatal stress (PS) represents a critical variable affecting lifetime health trajectories, metabolic and vascular functions. Beneficial experiences may attenuate the effects of PS and its programming of health outcomes ...
  • Holec, Victoria; Pirot, Heather L.; Euston, David R. (Frontiers Research FoundationsArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2014)
    The rat anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) mediates effort-based decision making when the task requires the physical effort of climbing a ramp. Normal rats will readily climb a barrier leading to high reward whereas rats ...
  • Molina, Leonardo A.; Skelin, Ivan; Gruber, Aaron J. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2014)
    Antagonists of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) have psychotomimetic effects in humans and are used to model schizophrenia in animals. We used high-density electrophysiological recordings to assess the effects of ...
  • Nie, Yimin; Fellous, Jean-Marc; Tatsuno, Masami (Frontiers Research FoundationArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of Arizona, 2014)
    The characterization of functional network structures among multiple neurons is essential to understanding neural information processing .Information geometry (IG) ,a theory developed for investigating a space of probability ...
  • Erickson, Zachary T.; Falkenberg, Erin A.; Metz, Gerlinde A. S. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2014)
    The consumption of artificial food dye (AFD) during childhood and adolescence has been linked to behavioural changes, such as hyperactivity. It is possible that the vulnerability to AFDs is modified by prenatal stress. ...
  • Faraji, Jamshid; Soltanpour, Nabiollah; Moeeini, Reza; Roudaki, Shabnam; Soltanpour, Nasrin; Abdollahi, Ali-Akbar; Metz, Gerlinde A. S. (Frontiers Research FoundationArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeGolestan University of Medical SciencesBabol University of Medical SciencesAvicenna Institute of Neuroscience, 2014)
    Silent focal ischemic mini infarcts in the brain are thought to cause no clinically overt symptoms. Some populations of hippocampal cells are particularly sensitive to ischemic events, however, rendering hippocampal ...

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