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Density and efficacy of the flea beetle Aphthona Lacertosa (Rosenhauer), an introduced biocontrol agent for leafy spurge, in Alberta

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dc.contributor.advisor Cartar, Ralph
dc.contributor.advisor Bourchier, Rob
dc.contributor.author Kalischuk, Andrea Ruth
dc.contributor.author University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science
dc.date.accessioned 2007-04-25T14:40:54Z
dc.date.available 2007-04-25T14:40:54Z
dc.date.issued 2001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10133/119
dc.description 93 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm. en
dc.description.abstract Biocontrol has been critized because the target effects of biocontrol introductions have not been studied rigorously. The objectives of this thesis were 1)to assess quantitatively the efficacy of a classical biocontrol agent after its release and 2)to suggest factors that affect the density and distribution of the biocontrol agent. In 1997, Aphthona lacertosa, a root-feeding flea beetle that is native to Europe, was released for the biological control of leafy spurge in Alberta. The beetles had established at more than 75% of the release sites that were monitored in 1999. In 2000, the peak abundance of A.lacertosa across release sites ranged from low (<10 beetles m-2) to high (>70 beetles m-2). Sites with high beetle densities had a significantly greater local (ie. within 5m of release point) reduction of leafy spurge than sites with low beetle densities. The density and distribution of A. lacertosa are affected by cumulative degree-days (CDD) at the release site and plant lacertosa are affected by cumulative degree-days (CDD) at the release site and plant morphology, respectively. Beetle population growth may be enhanced by releasing A. lacertosa at sites where there are more CDD. It is expected that high densities of A. lacertosa will effectively control leafy spurge populations. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Arts and Science, 2001 en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Thesis (University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science) en
dc.subject Flea beetles en
dc.subject Leafy spurge -- Control en
dc.subject Weeds -- Control en
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en
dc.title Density and efficacy of the flea beetle Aphthona Lacertosa (Rosenhauer), an introduced biocontrol agent for leafy spurge, in Alberta en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.publisher.faculty Arts and Science
dc.publisher.department Department of Biological Sciences

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