Courses Offered by the Department of Geography

The Department of Geography offers a wide range of courses in archaeology, environmental science, geography, geology, remote sensing and urban & regional studies.

Some courses are offered every semester, while others rotate on a yearly or every other year rotation. Click this link to see the typical rotation of course offering in the department (Note: this is only a guide and varies depending on faculty availability)

Please always refer to the current year's academic calendar for the most accurate list of courses offered. The comprehensive list of courses below are not offered every semester. Please refer to the Bridge for current semester offerings and to register for courses.

Archaeology

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
The basic concepts of archaeology and archaeological research. Using examples from around the world, emphasis will be placed on understanding fundamental principles and techniques employed in archaeological problem solving. Material covered will include dating and excavation methodologies, material and artifact analysis, culture-environment interaction and critical evaluation of archaeological interpretation.
Lib Ed Req: Science or Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
A survey of major cultural developments in Africa, Asia, and Europe from the origins of agriculture and development of complex civilizations through to the advent of the medieval era.
Prerequisite(s): Archaeology 1000
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-8
Major issues in the archaeology of North America including population movements during the Pleistocene and the development of regional adaptations. A one-day field trip will be scheduled on a Saturday.
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-8
An examination of the human history of the North American Great Plains from the earliest known occupation to the arrival of Europeans. Emphasis on interpretation and analysis of Plains material culture and the application of techniques such as lithic studies, zooarchaeology and ethnoarchaeology. A field trip will be scheduled.
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
The growth and development of the discipline of Syro-Palestinian Archaeology in a general survey of exploration, excavation and scholarly research; and an examination of the archaeological evidence from prehistoric times to the end of the Iron Age.
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Major issues and problems in the archaeology of Iron Age Israel and its environs, including Israelite origins, the nature of the Israelite state, and the material culture of Ancient Israel and its neighbours.
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Other hours per term: 0-0-210
Training in excavation techniques, principles and problems on location at various archaeological sites around the world. Inasmuch as this course involves travel to and residence at remote archaeological sites, costs borne by students vary but may range up to several thousand dollars.
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
This series explores archaeological issues from different regions and periods.
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Equivalent: Any offering in the Archaeology 3000 Series with the same title as the offering in the Archaeology 3400 Series

Note that 3400 courses are designated as series courses, meaning that students can take more than one ARKY 3400 course to count towards their degree. Typical 3400 offerings are:
  • Ancient Egypt
    Survey of the archaeology, history, art history, and literature of ancient Egypt from the Predynastic Period to Roman times.
  • Ancient Mesopotamia
    Survey of the archaeology, history, art history, and literature of ancient Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and surrounding regions) from the Neolithic Period to the conquest of Babylon by the Persians.
  • Classical Archaeology
    Material culture and archaeology of ancient Greece and Rome from the Bronze Age to the end of Roman times; concentration on Athens and Rome.
  • Mesoamerica
    Archaeological survey of ancient Mesoamerica; overview of Olmec, Maya, Toltec, Aztec cultures as well as city of Teotihuacan.
  • Ancient Europe: Stonehenge, Barbarians, and Goddesses
    Overview of the archaeology of Prehistoric Europe from the Mesolithic Period to the end of the Iron Age; focus on problems of intrepretations of material culture.

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Theories and major developments in the study of human evolution. Examination of hominid fossils and stone tools in order to understand human biological and cultural development. Contributions made by various disciplines to this research area are reviewed.
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000, a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology, or Third- year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours)
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-16
Site formation processes, both natural and cultural; ancient and modern landscapes; analysis of archaeological features in geoarchaeological contexts. Two one-day field trips will be scheduled on Saturdays.
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Laboratory and field analysis of archaeological remains such as lithics, ceramics and architecture; techniques of conservation and restoration.
Prerequisite(s): One of Archaeology 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Prerequisite(s): One 3000-level course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
This series examines the influence of theory in Archaeology.
Prerequisite(s): Two 3000-level courses (6.0 credit hours) in Archaeology

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Selected problems relating archaeological theory, analyses, and/or field work.
Prerequisite(s): One 3000-level course (3.0 credit hours) in Archaeology
Lib Ed Req: Science or Social Science

Credit hours: 6.00
Contact hours per week: Variable
This is a research-oriented course in which students will conduct research, submit a report in the form of an Undergraduate Thesis which will be made publicly available, and report orally on the work. In consultation with the Thesis Supervisor, students will define a research problem and formulate a research plan.
Prerequisite(s): Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours) AND A cumulative GPA of 3.30 or higher AND An Independent Study (3990) in Archaeology or Geography
Note: Contact hours will vary. Students should be aware that this course involves regular contact with the Thesis Supervisor as well as considerable independent work.

Environmental Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Introduction to the scientific method and all aspects of the natural environment: the geological and biological history of the Earth; weather and climate; concepts of ecology; energy and nutrients in ecosystems; biodiversity; human activities; services provided by ecosystems; environmental justice; environmental challenges such as development, toxins, waste, pollution, and overexploitation; environmental data; and current issues regarding our shared environment.
Prerequisite(s): Admission to the First Nations' Transition Program
Equivalent: Environmental Science 0500 (prior to 2016/2017)
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
An overview of the fundamentals of environmental science, with a focus on physical and living systems, processes and the ways in which humans depend on, interact with and affect these systems. Topics may include, but are not limited to, current environmental concerns, such as human population growth; human changes to biogeochemical cycles; and institutional responses to resource use and pollution.
Prerequisite(s): One 1000-level course (3.0 credit hours) in Biology, Chemistry, Geography, or Physics OR One of admission to the Post-Diploma B.Sc. in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science or admission to the Post-Diploma B.Sc. in Agricultural Studies
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0 or 3-3-0
Studies in selected areas of Environmental Science. Specific offerings are generally interdisciplinary.
Prerequisite(s): Will be specified (including any recommended background) for individual offerings
Note: May require laboratories, tutorials or both.

Credit hours: 0.00
This is a placeholder registration for students admitted to the Bachelor of Science (BSc) with a major in Environmental Science who are enrolled in the Technical Studies Term at an associated college.
Note:No fees are assessed for this registration.

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0 or 3-3-0
Studies in selected areas of Environmental Science. Specific offerings are generally interdisciplinary and may involve natural science and/or social science components.
Prerequisite(s): Will be specified (including any recommended background) for individual offerings
Note: May require laboratories, tutorials or both.

Credit hours: 6.00
Contact hours per week: Variable
This is a challenging, work-intensive, research-oriented course in which students will conduct fieldwork, text, library-based or empirical research, submit a report in the form of an Undergraduate Thesis which will be made publicly available, and report orally on the work. In consultation with their Thesis Supervisor, students will define a research problem and formulate a research plan.
Prerequisite(s): Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours) AND A cumulative GPA of 3.30 or higher
Note: Contact hours will vary. Students should be aware that this course involves regular contact with the Thesis Supervisor as well as considerable independent work.

Geography

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Fundamental processes and interrelationships between the atmosphere, lithosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere using a systems science approach. Topics will include landforms and landscapes, geodesy, Earth surface materials, soils, biogeography, weather and climate, hydrology, water resources, and glacial processes.
Lib Ed Req: Science
Note: This course complements Geography 1200.

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Survey of human geography as a discipline, focusing on interrelationships among people, places and their environments. Topics include the changing geographies of population, economy, settlement patterns, resource use and environment, politics, gender, and culture.
Lib Ed Req: Social Science
Note: This course complements Geography 1000.

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
The course is organized around major world regions. It introduces students to the process of global integration and provides insights into the functional relations that characterize this integration. Environmental concerns, global population and resources, the emergence of trading blocs and growing dependency are covered within the framework of the regional organization.
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-1.5-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-3
The scientific study of landforms comprising a spectrum of approaches from both historical and functional conceptual bases. Basic concepts covered in landform description and analysis are uniformity, evolution, complexity, and systems. A three-hour field trip will be scheduled.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 1000, Environmental Science 2000, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-16
Geographic and spatial relationships of individuals, species, ecosystems, and biomes. Topics include biodiversity, dispersal, evolution and environmental change. Two eight-hour field excursions will be scheduled on Saturdays.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1000 AND one of Biology 1010 or Biology 1020
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-4
Neoclassical and contemporary perspectives on the geography of urban and economic activities. Topics covered include central place hierarchies, industrial location, agricultural and urban land use, transportation, spatial interaction and regional economic development. A four-hour field trip in the City of Lethbridge will be scheduled.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1200
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-1.5-0
Introduction to the atmosphere. Global circulation and the role of energy exchange. Structure and behaviour of world and regional weather systems. Synoptic meteorology. Bioclimatology. Climate variation and cycles.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 1000, Environmental Science 2000, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Agricultural Studies, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-8
A survey of urban, regional, resource and land use planning, history of urban design and planning concepts, legal and institutional framework for urban and regional planning, the planning process, contemporary planning issues at the community, metropolitan and regional scale. A one-day field trip will be scheduled on a Saturday.
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Physical environments, resources, economics and settlements of the regions of Canada.
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-1.5-0
Introduction to quantitative methods and statistical problem solving in geography. Unique features of geographical data. Introductory methods for analysis and description of areal and point data. Central tendency, dispersion and shape of distributions. Classification methods. Use of Normal, Binomial, and Poisson distributions in geographical analysis. Bivariate correlation and regression analysis. Computer applications in statistical problem solving.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 1000, Geography 1200, Environmental Science 2000, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Agricultural Studies, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
An introductory course in the geographical information sciences with an emphasis on concepts in geographical information systems (GIS) and remote sensing. Data structures and fundamental GIS functions. Introduction to remote sensing of the Earth's surface, aerial photography, photogrammetry, and visual image interpretation. Laboratory work will involve techniques in GIS software, aerial photography interpretation, and image assessment.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 1000, Geography 1200, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Agricultural Studies
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
A study of landforms and deposits created by running water. Aspects of drainage basin development, the measurement of drainage basin processes, concepts of drainage basin hydraulics and flood frequency analysis will be illustrated with field and computer-based laboratory exercises. The watershed will serve as the basic unit of study with emphasis on western Canadian river basins.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2030
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-8
The study of perennial snow and ice and the effects of glaciers in the development of landforms. A one-day field trip will be scheduled on a Saturday.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2030
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
The relationships of natural extremes, global environmental change and human systems. A key emphasis is identification of natural and human-induced global environmental change. Case studies demonstrating societal vulnerabilities to potential hazards and disasters.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2030, Geography 2300, or Geology 2060 AND Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours)
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
This course considers the theory and methods of environmental assessment, adaptive management, and issues in resource analysis, allocation and development.
Prerequisite(s): One of Environmental Science 2000 or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-8
Physical, chemical, biological properties of soils; soil formation, classification and distribution, insights into the uses and abuses of soils, role of soil agronomy in resource development. A one-day field trip will be scheduled on a Saturday.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2030, Geology 2060, or admission to the Post-Diploma BA or BSc in Agricultural Studies
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-8
An examination of the nature and spatial complexion of agricultural systems in advanced, market economics. The course will focus on various physical, economic, social and institutional forces which influence the geography of agriculture. Examples and case studies will be drawn mainly from North America and Western Europe. A one-day field trip (or two half-days) may be scheduled, preferably, but not necessarily, on a Saturday.
Prerequisite(s):One of Agricultural Studies 1000 or a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Geography AND Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours) OR Admission to the Post-Diploma BA or BSc in Agricultural Studies.
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-8
Industrial geography is concerned with the location of industrial activity at local, continental and global scales of analysis. The course explores locational patterns and behaviour of small, medium-sized and transnational manufacturing firms with special emphasis on locational dynamics over time. By taking a geographical perspective, the course links the spatial behaviour of firms with economic development issues at the local, regional and global scales. A one-day field trip will be scheduled.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2210 or Management 2030 OR admission to the Post-Diploma Bachelor of Management program
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-12
Internal social geography of cities. Classical and contemporary approaches to the study of neighbourhood and community differentiation, social inequalities in the city, social segregation, social polarization, and urban social structure. Intra-urban variations in morphology, land use, crime, housing, deprivation, well-being, community conflict and community organizations. A full-day field trip may be scheduled on a weekend.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1200
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-4
Quantitative methods applied to regional problems in both human and physical geography. Population projection, cohort survival methods, shift and share forecasts, gravity models and time series analysis will be included using local data sets. A four-hour field trip will be scheduled.
Prerequisite(s): One of Statistics 1770 or Geography 2700 AND third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours)
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
A theoretical examination of the spatial and temporal patterns of urbanization in developing countries. Topics include urban structural characteristics, urban-rural relations, regional disparities, housing, employment, and relationships between urbanization and development processes.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 1200 or Geography 2000 AND third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours)
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-8
An examination of the geographic, economic and social structure of areas near cities. Consideration of major land-use planning and resource management issues as well as public-policy responses. Review of relevant legislation and land development processes, including the role of the private sector. A one-day field trip (or two half-day trips) may be scheduled.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 1200 or Agricultural Studies 1000 AND Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours) OR admission to the Post-Diploma BA or BSc in Agricultural Studies.
Equivalent: Geography 3850 (The Rural-Urban Fringe) (prior to 2015/2016)
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Climatology of the planetary boundary layer. An examination of the dynamic exchanges of radiation, energy, water, and carbon at the Earth-atmosphere interface. Topics addressed include: surface radiation balance; latent and sensible heat flux; air pollution in the boundary layer; carbon dynamics in agricultural and natural ecosystems; and implications of atmospheric change on land-atmosphere interactions and tropospheric climate.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2300
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
An introduction to hydrology. Components of the hydrological cycle, processes of water movement and storage, introduction to drainage basin form and process.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2300 AND Geography 2700 AND One of Geography 2735, admission to the Post-Diploma B.Sc. in Environmental Science, or admission to the Post-Diploma B.Sc. in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
This course provides an overview of tourism with an emphasis on socially and environmentally sustainable tourism. Topics covered include the nature and scope of tourism, public policy, tourism and economic development, tourism marketing, tourism impacts, aboriginal tourism, and ecotourism.
Prerequisite(s): Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours)
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
The evolving social, political and economic landscape of China. Development strategies and their effects on agriculture, population, industry, urbanization, city planning and the environment since 1949. Special attention paid to the post-reform market transformation, the interconnected development trajectories shaping urban and rural areas, and the changing role of China in the global political economy sphere.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 1200 or Geography 2000 AND Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours)
Equivalent: Geography 3850 (The Changing Geography of China) (prior to 2015/2016)
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Theoretical principles and practical aspects of cartography. The course will cover the history of cartography; map projections; geographic data processing and generalization; cartographic design and symbolization; computer mapping.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2735, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-30
Mapping, recording and analysis of physical and cultural features in the southern Alberta landscape. Practical work to illustrate field research methodologies. Study projects will be carried out individually and in groups. Weekly field trips will be scheduled during the afternoon and may run as much as two hours beyond the lab period, especially where a considerable amount of travel time is required.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2700 AND One of Geography 2030 or Geology 2060
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Principles of digital remote sensing and image analysis. Fundamentals of the electromagnetic spectrum. Analysis of the interaction of energy with the Earth and atmosphere using remote sensing systems. Computer laboratory work will involve digital image analysis with environmental applications.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2735, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Geographical data, modelling, functions, data structures, and analysis. Spatial database management systems and applications. Laboratory work involves a variety of computer applications.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2735, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-1-0
An applied introduction to GIS in Canadian human geography. Students will be exposed to the Canadian census of population, agricultural census, and other spatial data products. Manipulation of variables, interpretation of spatial patterns and trends and hypothesis testing using these data within GIS software.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2735, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-70
Review of the physical and human geography of the study area will be followed by information gathering and data analysis using geographical field techniques and equipment.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 1000, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science AND Geography 1200 AND Geography 2700
Recommended Background: Major in Geography, Environmental Science, Agricultural Studies, Urban and Regional Studies, Archaeology and Geography, Computer Science and Geographical Information Science, or Remote Sensing
Lib Ed Req: Science
Note: The field component of this course is mandatory and will take place during seven consecutive days prior to the start of the regular fall term.

Credit hours: 3.00
Other hours per term: 3-0-110
Extended field studies of specified regions. Studies will include field observation, discussion and interpretation of ancient and/or current societies and economic activities and the interactions of these with past and present environments. The focus of this course will be on human geography although some physical geography will be encountered. Inasmuch as this course involves travel to or residence at remote sites, costs borne by students vary but may range up to several thousand dollars.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1200 AND Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours)
Note: Three (3) lecture hours prior to the excursion are required of all students to ensure they understand all appropriate logistical and safety information.

Credit hours: 3.00
Other hours per term: 3-0-110
Extended field studies of specified regions. Studies will include field observation, discussion and interpretation of physical landscape evolution and processes past and present. The focus of this course will be on physical geography although some human geography will be encountered in the interactions of ancient and/or current societies with past and present environments. Inasmuch as this course involves travel to or residence at remote sites, costs borne by students vary but may range up to several thousand dollars.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 1000 AND Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours) OR one of admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science
Note: Three (3) lecture hours prior to the excursion are required of all students to ensure they understand all appropriate logistical and safety information.

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Contemporary issues in the field of physical geography. Use of geographical examples to explain the physical environment and related processes. Exploration of the dynamic field of physical geography research.
Prerequisite(s): Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours) AND additional prerequisites will be specified, including any recommended background, for individual offerings
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-16
Management and conservation of agricultural soils including effects of different crop management systems on soil properties. Topics include: soil fertility; soil and plant testing; commercial fertilizer; manure management; soil quality in both irrigated and dryland crop production systems; identification and management of problem soils; environmental concerns. Practical field experience is included. Two eight-hour field trips will be scheduled on Saturdays near the beginning of the fall term for field study of different soil types.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 3080 or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-1
Irrigation as a contemporary agricultural practice. Studies of global, regional and local irrigation developments, soil-water-plant relationships for consumptive use of water, on-farm irrigation techniques and applications. Design of water conveyance systems, pipe and channel hydraulics. Water supplies for irrigation. Environmental concerns and opportunities.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 3080 or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Seminar presentation of contemporary problems in economic geography.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3225/Management 3660

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Seminar presentation of contemporary problems in urban geography.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3230

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
The hydrological cycle. Interactions of the atmosphere, surface and subsurface water systems. Hydrological modelling using geographical information systems will be a major component of lectures and laboratory exercises.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3400 AND Geography 3740
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-16
Management of watersheds considering natural supply and demands; and natural and human-induced change. Modelling watershed processes using GIS and basic programming is a key objective of the course. Holistic management considers upstream and downstream interactions, and the interactive role of hydrology, hydraulics, ice processes, temperature, sediment, biota and land cover. Discussions address physical, chemical and biological components in natural and altered streams. A one-day or overnight field trip through a major watershed in Alberta is typically included.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3740
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Advanced planning courses instructed by faculty or experienced planning professionals.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2535
Note: Additional prerequisites may be specified, including any recommended background, for individual offerings

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Advanced topics and concepts in analytical and computer cartography. Development, analysis and integration of multisource geographical data and databases. Algorithms for computer mapping and visualization of geographical phenomena. Laboratory work will develop applications using computer mapping software and spatial data.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3700
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-10
Field measurement for airborne and satellite image analysis. The spatial, spectral, radiometric, biophysical, ecological and morphometric properties of the Earth's surface will be measured, analysed, mapped and modelled. Field instrumentation, use, interpretation, analysis and validation as well as instruction in spectroradiometry, global positioning systems, ecological data collection, computer image analysis, and GIS will be provided. Includes field work and computer laboratory exercises.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3720
Recommended Background: A course in data analysis
Lib Ed Req: Science
Note: May involve off-campus field work and require a field trip fee.

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Digital image analysis of aerial and satellite data for earth observation and studies of environmental and landuse change from local to global scales. Computer graphics and image processing in spatial, spectral and time dimensions. Data integration, classification, predictive models and fundamentals of spectroradiometry. Laboratory work will focus on digital image analysis software and applications.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3720
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
An introduction to statistical methods of spatial analysis, including techniques for description, sampling, comparison, relationships and trends.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 2700 AND one of Geography 2735, admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Environmental Science, or admission to the Post-Diploma BSc in Geography, with a Concentration in Geographical Information Science
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Advanced and applied topics in geographical information science, with a focus on spatial analysis, data visualization, geographical problem solving, and new directions. GIS projects will be emphasized.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3740
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
A project-based course examining spatial patterns and processes using an array of advanced spatial-analytical techniques including Geographical Information Systems. Simulation, prediction, and diffusion of various phenomena and spatial structures through geographic space and over time. Applications to encompass the breadth of geography's subfields and related areas of study.
Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 3720 or Geography 3740
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Contemporary issues in remote sensing and image analysis. Advanced approaches to classification, modelling, change detection and scaling. The role of remote sensing science in integrated studies of global change. Research and new directions.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 4725
Substantially Similar: Geography 5753
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
History and theory of geography from the Greeks to the present. Current status of geography in major nations of the world.
Prerequisite(s): Three courses (9.0 credit hours) in Geography
Lib Ed Req: Social Science

Credit hours: 6.00
Contact hours per week: Variable
This is a research-oriented course in which students will conduct empirical research, submit a report in the form of an Undergraduate Thesis which will be made publicly available, and report orally on the work. In consultation with their Thesis Supervisor, students will define a research problem and formulate a research plan.
Prerequisite(s): Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours) AND a cumulative GPA of 3.30 or higher AND an Independent Study (3990) in Geography or Geology
Note: Contact hours will vary. Students should be aware that this course involves regular contact with the Thesis Supervisor as well as considerable independent work.

Geology

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours per term: 0-0-8
Origin, composition and structure of the earth; identification of common rocks and mineral resources; evolution of the surface features of continents and ocean basins. A one-day field trip will be scheduled on a Saturday.
Recommended Background: Geography 1000
Lib Ed Req: Science

Remote Sensing

Credit hours: 3.00
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Theoretical and applied treatment of the physical principles of remote sensing. Composition and structure of the earth's atmosphere, radiative transfer principles and their application to remote sensing, radiometric processing, calibration and validation, hyperspectral image processing, absorption line formation and lineshapes, instrumentation for measuring radiation fields, microwave and radar remote sensing, and the retrieval of physical parameters. Selected topics in earth observation and astronomy.
Prerequisite(s): Geography 3720
Equivalent: Physics 4650 (prior to 2016/2017)
Lib Ed Req: Science

Credit hours: 6.00
Contact hours per week: Variable
This is a challenging, work-intensive, research-oriented course in which students will conduct fieldwork, text, library-based or empirical research, submit a report in the form of an Undergraduate Thesis which will be made publicly available, and report orally on the work. In consultation with their Thesis Supervisor, students will define a research problem and formulate a research plan.
Prerequisite(s): Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours) AND a cumulative GPA of 3.30 or higher
Note: Contact hours will vary. Students should be aware that this course involves regular contact with the Thesis Supervisor as well as considerable independent work.

Urban & Regional Studies

Credit hours: 6.00
Contact hours per week: Variable
This is an intensive, research-oriented course in which students will conduct empirical research, submit a report in the form of an Undergraduate Thesis which will be made publicly available, and report orally on the work.
Prerequisite(s): Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours) AND a cumulative GPA of 3.30 or higher AND one Independent Study (3990) or Applied Study (3980) course (3.0 credit hours) with an Urban & Regional Studies focus AND approval of the Coordinator of Urban & Regional Studies
Note: Contact hours will vary. Students should be aware that this course involves regular contact with the Thesis Supervisor as well as considerable independent work.