Birds of the Milk River Valley
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Pelicans and Cormorants Herons Swan, Geese, and Ducks
Vultures, Hawks, Eagles, and Falcons Grouse, Pheasants, and Partridges Rails
Shorebirds and Gulls Pigeons and Doves Cuckoos
Owls Goatsuckers Hummingbirds
Kingfishers and Woodpeckers Flycatchers Larks
Swallows Magpies and Crows Chickadees
Nuthatches Creepers Wrens
Kinglets, Thrushes, and Bluebirds Mimic Thrushes Pipits
Waxwings Starlings Vireos
Wood Warblers Tanagers Grosbeaks and Buntings
Towhees, Sparrows, and Longspurs Meadowlarks, Blackbirds, and Orioles Finches
Old World (Weaver) Sparrows Shrikes


This information has been adopted from the Writing-On-Stone Provincial Park Bird Checklist.

Residence Status Relative Abundance
S - summer resident V - very common
W - winter resident (and/or migrant) C - common
Y - year-round resident U - uncommon
V - visitor/accidental R - rare
M - migrant (spring and/or fall) X - extremely rare


Pelicans and Cormorants
  • American White Pelican (V)(R)
  • Double-crested Cormorant (V)(X)

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    Vultures, Hawks, Eagles, and Falcons

  • Turkey Vulture (V)(X)
  • Osprey (M)(R)
  • Bald Eagle (M)(U)
  • Northern Harrier (S)(C)
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk (M)(C)
  • Cooper's Hawk (M)(U)
  • Northern Goshawk (M)(R)
  • Broad-winged Hawk (M)(X)
  • Swainson's Hawk (V)(C)
  • Red-tailed Hawk (S)(U)
  • Ferruginous Hawk (V)(U)
  • Rough-legged Hawk (M)(R)
  • Golden Eagle (Y)(U)
  • American Kestrel (S)(C)
  • Merlin (V)(X)
  • Prairie Falcon (S)(C)

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    Shorebirds and Gulls

  • Killdeer (S)(C)
  • American Avocet (V)(R)
  • Greater Yellowlegs (M)(R)
  • Lesser Yellowlegs (V)(X)
  • Solitary Sandpiper (M)(U)
  • Willet (V)(R)
  • Spotted Sandpiper (M)(U)
  • Long-billed Curlew (S)(C)
  • Marbled Godwit (V)(X)
  • Least Sandpiper (V)(X)
  • Wilson's Phalarope (V)(X)
  • Franklin's Gull (V)(U)
  • Bonaparte's Gull (V)(X)
  • Ring-billed Gull (V)(R)
  • California Gull (V)(R)
  • Caspian Tern (V)(X)

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    Owls

  • Great Horned Owl (Y)(C)
  • Long-earned Owl (S)(R)
  • Short-eared Owl (S)(C)
  • Northern Saw-whet Owl (S)(X)

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    Kingfishers and Woodpeckers

  • Belted Kingfisher (V)(R)
  • Red-headed Woodpecker (V)(X)
  • Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (M)(X)
  • Downy Woodpecker (S)(U)
  • Northern Flicker (S)(C)

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    Swallows

  • Tree Swallow (V)(R)
  • Violet Green Swallow (S)(R)
  • Nor. Rough-winged Swallow (S)(U)
  • Bank Swallow (V)(R)
  • Cliff Swallow (S)(V)
  • Barn Swallow (S)(U)

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    Nuthatches

  • White-breasted Nuthatch (V)(X)
  • Red-breasted Nuthatch (Y)(C)

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    Pipits

  • Water (American) Pipit (M)(U)
  • Sprague's Pipit (S)(C)

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    Waxwings

  • Bohemian Waxwing (M)(U)
  • Cedar Waxwing (S)(C)

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    Tanagers

  • Western Tanager (M)(U)

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    Old World (Weaver) Sparrows

  • House Sparrow (Y)(V)

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    Herons
  • Great Blue Heron (V)(C)
  • Black-crowned Night Heron (V)(X)

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    Grouse, Pheasants and Partridges

  • Gray Partridge (Y)(C)
  • Ring-necked Pheasant (Y)(C)
  • Sharp-tailed Grouse (Y)(C)

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    Pigeons and Doves

  • Rock Dove (Y)(V)
  • Mourning Dove (S)(V)

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    Goatsuckers

  • Common Nighthawk (S)(V)

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    Flycatchers

  • Olive-sided Flycatcher (V)(R)
  • Western Wood Pewee (S)(C)
  • Say's Phoebe (S)(C)
  • Least Flycatcher (S)(U)
  • Great Crester Flycatcher (V)(X)
  • Eastern Kingbird (S)(V)
  • Western Kingbird (S)(R)

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    Magpies and Crows

  • Black-billed Magpie (Y)(V)
  • American Crow (S)(C)

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    Creepers

  • Brown Creeper (W)(R)

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    Kinglets, Thrushes, and Bluebirds

  • Golden-crowned Kinglet (M)(R)
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet (M)(R)
  • Mountain Bluebird (S)(U)
  • Veery (S)(U)
  • Swainson's Thrush (M)(U)
  • Hermit Thrush (M)(R)
  • American Robin (S)(V)
  • Varied Thrush (V)(X)
  • Townsend's Solitaire (V)(C)

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    Starlings

  • European Starling (S)(V)

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    Wood Warblers

  • Tennessee Warbler (M)(U)
  • Orange-crowned Warbler (M)(C)
  • Northern Parula (V)(X)
  • Yellow Warbler (S)(V)
  • Magnolia Warbler (M)(R)
  • Cape May Warbler (M)(X)
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler (M)(V)
  • Townsend's Warbler (V)(R)
  • Palm Warbler (M)(U)
  • Blackpoll Warbler (M)(C)
  • Black and White Warbler (M)(X)
  • American Redstart (M)(C)
  • Ovenbird (M)(R)
  • Northern Waterthrush (V)(U)
  • MacGilivray's Warbler (V)(R)
  • Common Yellowthroat (S)(V)
  • Wilson's Warbler (M)(C)
  • Yellow-breasted Chat (S)(C)

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    Towhees, Sparrows, and Longspurs

  • Rufous-sided Towhee (S)(C)
  • American Tree Towhee (W)(U)
  • Chipping Sparrow (M)(U)
  • Clay-coloured Sparrow (S)(C)
  • Brewer's Sparrow (S)(R)
  • Vesper Sparrow (S)(V)
  • Lark Sparrow (S)(C)
  • Lark Bunting (S)(R)
  • Savannah Sparrow (S)(U)
  • Song Sparrow (S)(C)
  • Lincoln's Sparrow (M)(C)
  • White-throated Sparrow (M)(U)
  • White-crowned Sparrow (M)(V)
  • Harris's Sparrow (M)(R)
  • Dark-eyed Junco (W)(C)
  • McCown's Longspur (S)(C)
  • Chestnut-collared Longspur (S)(C)
  • Baird's Sparrow (S)(U)

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    Swans, Geese, and Ducks
  • Tundra Swan (M)(X)
  • Snow Goose (M)(X)
  • Canada Goose (S)(C)
  • Mallard (S)(U)
  • Northern Pintail (V)(U)
  • Blue-winged Teal (V)(R)
  • Northern Shoveler (V)(R)
  • Gadwall (V)(X)
  • American Wigeon (V)(R)
  • Common Merganser (S)(U)
  • Red-breaster Merganser (M)(R)

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    Rails

  • Sora (V)(X)

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    Cuckoos

  • Black-billed Cuckoo (S)(R)

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    Hummingbirds

  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird (V)(R)
  • Rufous Hummingbird (M)(X)

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    Larks

  • Horned Lark (Y)(V)

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    Chickadees

  • Black-capped Chickadee (Y)(C)
  • Mountain Chickadee (V)(X)

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    Wrens

  • Rock Wren (S)(V)
  • House Wren (S)(V)

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    Mimic Thrushes

  • Gray Catbird (S)(V)
  • Sage Thrasher (V)(X)
  • Brown Thrasher (S)(C)

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    Vireos

  • Warbling Vireo (M)(U)
  • Philadelphia Vireo (M)(U)
  • Red-eyed Vireo (M)(U)
  • solitary Vireo (V)(U)

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    Grosbeaks and Buntings

  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak (M)(X)
  • Black-headed Grosbeak (V)(U)
  • Lazuli Bunting (S)(U)

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    Meadowlarks, Blackbirds, and Orioles

  • Red-winged Blackbird (S)(C)
  • Western Meadowlark (S)(V)
  • Yellow-headed Blackbird (V)(R)
  • Rusty Blackbird (M)(R)
  • Brewer's Blackbird (S)(V)
  • Brown-headed Cowbird (S)(C)
  • Northern Oriole (S)(C)
  • Common Grackle (S)(U)

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    Finches

  • Rosy Finch (W)(U)
  • Pine Grosbeak (W)(C)
  • Purple Finch (M)(U)
  • Red Crossbill (V)(R)
  • Common Redpoll (W)(C)
  • Pine Siskin (V)(C)
  • American Goldfinch (S)(V)
  • Evening Grosbeak (W)(C)

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    Shrikes

  • Loggerhead Shrike (S)(U)

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    Return to Animal Checklist

    Birding in Canada
    Birding Studies Canada
    Bird Watching and Related Information on Birds (GORP)
    Bird Watching on the Poverty Plains
    Caring for the Bluebirds
    Canada Geese: Heralds of Spring
    Bird Songs

    Salt, W. Ray and Jim R. Salt, 1976. The Birds of Alberta. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 498 pp.