|Inhabited by the Hohokam
from (at least) 1150 AD to 1450 AD, Pueblo
Grande looks nothing like the Anasazi
sites we have visited. The soil here is pinkish and the masonry,
if it can be called that, is rather formless and consists of river cobbles,
chunks of hardened calich, and granite and sandstone blocks set in mortar.
The remnants of structures are on top of a great mound measuring 45 metres
wide, 90 metres long, and 7.5 metres high. Supposedly, important
structures were built on top of the mound but most of the people lived
in pithouses surrounding
the mound. The Hohokam were great farmers with crops of corn, beans,
squash, and cotton. They had extensive
irrigation systems with more than 1600 km of canals. As well,
there are features known as "ball
courts" which are believed to have been used for ceremonial ball games.
There are more than 200 ball courts in the Southwest.
The museum is really quite
nice, despite being surrounded by a city. One of the features I quite
appreciated was its collection of living specimens of local vegetation
trees, and palo