Program Planning


Biology (BIOL)

Biology (BIOL)
Faculty of Arts and Science


Biology 1010

Cellular Basis of Life
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Fundamental principles of cellular biology; structure and function of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells; transcription and translation as components of gene expression. Applications of cellular and molecular biology in medicine, agriculture and biotechnology.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 30;
One of Chemistry 30 or Chemistry 0500

Biology 1020

Diversity of Life
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
A comparative study of the major lineages of eukaryotic organisms from an evolutionary perspective; biology of protists, fungi, plants and animals.
Recommended Background: Biology 30

Biology 2000

Principles of Genetics
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Principles of heredity; Mendelian laws, recombination; basic concepts of gene structure and function.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 1010;
One of Pure Mathematics 30, Mathematics 30, Mathematics 0500, or [Applied Mathematics 30 and at least 75 percent standing in Athabasca University's Mathematics 101]
Corequisite(s): Biology 1020

Biology 2200

Principles of Ecology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Relationships between animals, plants and the non-living environment, energy flow, nutrient cycles, ecological succession, communities, populations; application of ecological principles to the modern world; lecture and laboratory projects using basic techniques of ecological investigation.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 1020;
One of Pure Mathematics 30, Mathematics 30, Mathematics 0500, or [Applied Mathematics 30 and at least 75 percent standing in Athabasca University's Mathematics 101]
Corequisite(s): Biology 1010

Biology 3000

Molecular Genetics
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Molecular mechanisms of inheritance, rearrangement and regulated expression of genetic information.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000
Recommended Background: One of Chemistry 2120 or Chemistry 2600

Biology 3003/Health Sciences 3003

Epidemiology: The Ecology of Health and Disease
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Scope and application of epidemiology in relation to factors that affect health and contribute to disease in a global context.
Prerequisite(s): Three courses (9.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Biological Sciences
OR
Admissibility to any program in the School of Health Sciences

Biology 3110

Cell Regulation
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Intracellular systems regulating cell growth, cell division and differentiation; emphasis will be placed on cell regulation in higher organisms and its breakdown in cancerous tissues.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
Biochemistry 2000;
One of Chemistry 1000 or Chemistry 2110

Biology 3200

Principles of Microbiology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Introduction to micro-organisms; emphasis on isolation, metabolism, ecology and genetic engineering of bacteria.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000

Biology 3300

Evolution
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-1-0
Survey of evolutionary thought; current concepts of evolutionary mechanisms.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
Biology 2200

Biology 3310

Developmental Biology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Patterns of sexual reproduction; gene activity and control mechanisms (including hormonal and environmental controls) during embryonic development and cell differentiation; cellular and tissue interactions in the differentiation process.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
One of Chemistry 1000 or Chemistry 2110

Biology 3420

Animal Physiology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Organization and diversity of animal functions; lecture and laboratory consideration of both vertebrates and invertebrates, including study of the respiratory, circulatory, osmoregulatory, digestive, endocrine, nervous, and muscular systems; thermoregulation.
Prerequisite(s): One of Biology 2000 or Biology 2200;
One course (3.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the 1000 level or above
Recommended Background: One of Chemistry 2120 or Chemistry 2600

Biology 3440

Toxicology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Principles of toxicology, including sources of toxicants, toxicokinetics, biotransformation, factors influencing toxicity, target-organ toxicology with emphasis on the mechanisms of action of toxicants (metals, pesticides and pharmaceuticals). Topics include cellular responses (oxidative stress, disruption of cell signalling pathways), biomarkers of exposure and effects, and species differences in vulnerability to toxicants.
Prerequisite(s): One of Biology 3420, Biology 3600, Biochemistry 3100, or Biochemistry 3300
Equivalent: Biology 3850 (Physiological Toxicology) (prior to 2006/2007)

Biology 3460

Plant Physiology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Physiological and molecular basis for plant growth and development; plant metabolism, hormones, water relations, stress adaptation and physiological aspects of local crop plants.
Prerequisite(s): One of Biology 2000 or Biology 2200
Recommended Background: One of Chemistry 2110 or Chemistry 2500

Biology 3520

Invertebrate Zoology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
The systematics, biology, evolution and importance of the invertebrate phyla, including Protozoa, Porifera, Cnideria, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Mollusca, Annelida, Arthropoda, Echinodermata and related smaller groups.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
Biology 2200

Biology 3530

Vertebrate Zoology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Comparative survey of the morphology, evolution, classification and natural history of the vertebrates.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
Biology 2200

Biology 3560

Plant Anatomy and Morphology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
The major evolutionary trends in vascular plants (ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms) as evidenced by structural, developmental and reproductive characters; the internal structure of plants with emphasis on angiosperms.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
Biology 2200

Biology 3600

Evolutionary Ecology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
The adaptation of animals and plants to their environment; independent laboratory involving elementary biostatistics; seminars and lectures using research papers.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2200
Recommended Background: Biology 2000;
Statistics 1770

Biology 3610

Prairie Conservation
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Comprehensive overview of the native prairie landscape in Alberta, including physical, ecological and cultural attributes of the prairies. Examination of ecological, social, industrial, management and policy issues.
Prerequisite(s): Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours)

Biology 3620

Sociobiology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-1-0
Application of evolutionary theory to social behaviour and social organization of animals; individual and kin selection, social groups, mate choice, mating systems, parenting strategies.
Prerequisite(s): One of Biology 2000 or Biology 2200;
Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours)

Biology 3630

Field Biology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours: 0-0-70
Provides hands-on experience with the theory, implementation, and analyses of ecological field studies. Focus is on a series of day-long field trips to selected prairie, foothill and mountain sites characteristic of Southern Alberta. Emphasis during the regular semester is on the development of skills in statistical methods and in the completion of an independent field study.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
Biology 2200
Equivalent: Biology 3850 (Field Biology) (prior to 2004/2005)
Note: The mandatory field component is completed during seven consecutive days prior to the start of the regular Fall semester. There is at least one overnight camping trip.

Biology 3700

Ecosystem and Community Ecology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Examination of processes controlling plant community composition and ecosystem function, including carbon acquisition, water use, nutrient uptake, decomposition and nutrient recycling; field work and computer assignments included in laboratory projects.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2200
Recommended Background: Biology 2000;
Statistics 1770

Biology 3800

Aquatic Ecosystems
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Major processes that occur in rivers and lakes, and the approaches presently used in modelling and managing them. An historical approach in developing key concepts such as primary and secondary production, nutrient loading and eutrophication, and the physical and chemical processes (thermal stratification, wave action, water flow, pH control, major ion and nutrient chemistry) that are vital to understanding aquatic ecosystem function. The lab will mainly involve mathematical modelling, data manipulation and other numeracy skills required in modelling ecosystems.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2200
Equivalent: Biology 3850 (Aquatic Ecology) (prior to 2006/2007)

Biology 4100

Advances in Agricultural Biotechnology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Recent and advanced aspects of molecular biology and biotechnology related to agricultural applications; critical reading, discussions and seminars on current research problems in these areas.
Prerequisite(s): Two of Biology 3000, Biology 3110, Biology 3200, Biology 4170, or Biology 4200

Biology 4110

Advances in Genetics, Molecular and Cellular Biology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Recent and advanced aspects of genetics, cell and molecular biology; critical reading, discussions and seminars on current research problems in these areas.
Prerequisite(s): One of Biology 3000, Biology 3110, Biology 3200, Biology 3310, or Neuroscience 3600

Biology 4130

Advances in Genetics and Biotechnology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Recent and advanced aspects of molecular genetics, bioinformatics and high throughput genomics, with an emphasis on cloning and human diseases.
Prerequisite(s): One of Biology 3000 or Biology 3110

Biology 4170

Plant Biotechnology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Lecture, seminar and laboratory study of plant molecular biology and opportunities for biotechnological applications for crop plants in agriculture, horticulture and forestry.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 3200
Recommended Background: Biology 3460

Biology 4200

Techniques in Molecular Biology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 1-5-0
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA isolation and manipulation, including experiments in subcloning, transformation, mutagenesis, PCR, agarose gel electrophoresis and Southern blotting.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 3000;
Biology 3200;
Chemistry 2600
Recommended Background: Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours)

Biology 4500

Seminars in Biological Sciences
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Seminars on various aspects of Biology by staff or invited speakers. Pre-seminar literature is made available; brief written reaction papers are required for each seminar.
Prerequisite(s): Eight courses (24.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Biological Sciences
Recommended Background: At least one course (3.0 credit hours) from each of the three subfield lists: Cellular and Molecular Biology, Organismal Biology, and Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Biology 4560

Plant Development
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
An examination of developmental events in angiosperms, emphasizing current molecular genetic studies of regulating mechanisms.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
Two courses (6.0 credit hours) at the 3000 level in Biology
Recommended Background: Biology 3000;
One of Biology 3460 or Biology 3560

Biology 4600

Conservation Biology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Application of ecological and evolutionary theory to the understanding and management of biodiversity.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2200;
Two 3000-level courses (6.0 credit hours) in Biology
OR
Admission to the Post-Diploma B.Sc. in Environmental Science program
Recommended Background: Biology 3300

Biology 4770

Plant Systematics and Evolution
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
An examination of angiosperm plant families, their evolutionary relationships and the different modes of plant speciation which have contributed to plant diversity. Emphasis will be placed on plants of local and economic importance.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
Biology 2200;
One 3000/4000-level course (3.0 credit hours) in Biology

Biology 4800

Biology of Symbiotic Interactions
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Seminar, lecture and laboratory-based aspects of symbiotic interactions, from permanent mutualisms to virulent parasitic associations. Emphasis will be placed on the ecological and evolutionary effects of mutualists and parasites on their hosts.
Prerequisite(s): Biology 2000;
Biology 2200

Biology 4806/Health Sciences 4806

Immunology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Biological role of immunity and natural resistance.
Prerequisite(s): 10 courses (30.0 credit hours) from the Science list-see Part 4 - Academic Regulations, Section 5, List III: Science Courses, p. 84
OR
Admissibility to any program in the School of Health Sciences

Biology 4995

Undergraduate Thesis
Credit hours: 6.0
Contact hours per week: Variable
This is a research-oriented course in which students will conduct empirical research, report orally on the work, and submit a report in the form of an undergraduate thesis, which will be made publicly available. In consultation with their Thesis Supervisor, students will define a research problem and formulate a research plan.
Prerequisite(s): Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours);
A cumulative GPA of 3.30 or higher;
Six Biology courses (18.0 credit hours)
Note: Contact hours will vary. Students should be aware that this course involves regular contact with the Thesis Supervisor as well as considerable independent work.
See Part 7 - Arts and Science, Sections 5.c. (p. 96), 6.c. (p. 98), and 7.c. (p. 99).