GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY 1000
Introduction to Physical Geography

Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

The nature of geography and a systematic study of environment-people relationships. The physical earth, weather and climate, soils, vegetation, the earth's waters and land forms. The relationship between preservation of natural environment and human activities.

GEOGRAPHY 2000
World Regional Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

The course is organized around major world regions. It introduces students to the process of global integration and provides insights into the functional relations that characterize this integration. Environmental concerns, global population and resources, the emergence of trading blocs and growing dependency are covered within the framework of the regional organization.

GEOGRAPHY 2015
Weather and Climate
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-1.5-0

Introduction to the atmosphere. Global circulation and the role of energy exchange. Structure and behaviour of world and regional weather systems. Synoptic meteorology. Bioclimatology. Climate variation and cycles.

Prerequisite: Geography 1000.

GEOGRAPHY 2030
Geomorphology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

The scientific study of landforms comprising a spectrum of approaches from both historical and functional conceptual bases. Basic concepts covered in landform description and analysis are uniformity, evolution, complexity and systems.

Prerequisite: Geography 1000.

GEOGRAPHY 2200
Introduction to Human Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Survey of the principal themes in human geography. Topics will be selected from among: population, migration and environmental stress; gender, race and the cultural landscape; spatial distribution of agriculture and industry; urbanization and settlement systems; geography and regional development.

GEOGRAPHY 2210
Urban and Economic Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Neoclassical and contemporary perspectives on the geography of urban and economic activities. Topics covered include central place hierarchies, industrial location, agricultural and urban land use, transportation, spatial interaction and regional economic development.

Prerequisite: Geography 2200.

GEOGRAPHY 2535
Introduction to Planning
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours: 0-0-8

A survey of urban, regional, resource and land use planning, history of urban design and planning concepts, legal and institutional framework for urban and regional planning, the planning process, contemporary planning issues at the community, metropolitan and regional scale. A one-day field trip will be scheduled on a Saturday.

GEOGRAPHY 2600
Canada
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Physical environments, resources, economics and settlements of the regions of Canada.

GEOGRAPHY 2700
Geographical Data and Analysis
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Introduction to quantitative methods and statistical problem-solving in geography. Unique features of geographical data. Introductory methods for analysis and description of areal and point data. Central tendency, dispersion and shape of distributions. Classification methods. Use of Normal, Binomial, and Poisson distributions in geographical analysis. Bivariate correlation and regression analysis. Computer applications in statistical problem-solving. Introduction to Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for geographic data visualization, analysis, and presentation.

Prerequisite: Geography 1000 or 2200.

GEOGRAPHY 2710
Map Interpretation
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-1-0

Interpretation of physical and cultural features, including human-environmental relationships, for a broad range of local, national and international regions, using maps and air photos. Various conventions in map production, their uses and limitations. Emphasis on development of interpretation skills.

Prerequisite: Geography 1000.

Note: Students will not receive credit for Geography 2710 if they have received credit for Geography 3710 or 3720 prior to enrolling in Geography 2710.

GEOGRAPHY 3035
Fluvial Geomorphology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

A study of landforms and deposits created by running water. Aspects of drainage basin development, the measurement of drainage basin processes, concepts of drainage basin hydraulics and flood frequency analysis will be illustrated with field and computer-based laboratory exercises. The watershed will serve as the basic unit of study with emphasis on western Canadian river basins.

Prerequisite: Geography 2030.

GEOGRAPHY 3060
Glaciology and Glacial Geomorphology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours: 0-0-8

The study of perennial snow and ice and the effects of glaciers in the development of landforms. A one-day field trip will be scheduled on a Saturday.

Prerequisite: Geography 2030.

GEOGRAPHY 3070
Natural Hazards
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

The relationships of natural extremes and human systems. Principles of earth science behind the occurrence of earthquakes and tsunamis, volcanoes, flooding, droughts, violent storms and other climate extremes, snow avalanches and hazardous forms of mass wastage. Human perceptions of natural hazard dangers in high risk zones. Planning and management for minimizing social, economic and environmental damage due to hazards.

Prerequisites: Geography 2015, and Geography 2030 or Geology 2060.

GEOGRAPHY 3075
Environmental Resources Management
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

This course considers the theory and methods of environmental assessment, adaptive management, and issues in resource analysis, allocation and development.

Prerequisite: Environmental Science 2000.*

Note: * Students with credit for Biology 2050 or Geography 2060 will satisfy this prerequisite requirement. Credit is not allowed for Environmental Science 2000 and either Biology 2050 or Geography 2060.

Credit is not allowed for Geography 3075 and Geography 3850 (Environmental and Resource Management).

GEOGRAPHY 3210
Agricultural Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours: 0-0-8

An examination of the nature and spatial complexion of agricultural systems in advanced, market economics. The course will focus on various physical, economic, social and institutional forces which influence the geography of agriculture. Examples and case studies will be drawn mainly from North America and Western Europe. A one-day field trip (or 2 half-days) will be scheduled on a Saturday.

Prerequisite: Geography 2210, or Agricultural Studies 1000 and a previous course (3.0 credit hours) in Geography.

GEOGRAPHY 3225/MANAGEMENT 3660
Industrial Location and Globalization of Enterprise
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours: 0-0-8

Industrial geography is concerned with the location of industrial activity at local, continental and global scales of analysis. The course explores locational patterns and behaviour of small, medium-sized and transnational manufacturing firms with special emphasis on locational dynamics over time. By taking a geographical perspective, the course links the spatial behaviour of firms with economic development issues at the local, regional and global scales. A one-day field trip will be scheduled.

Prerequisite: Geography 2210 or Management 2000.

GEOGRAPHY 3230
Urban Social Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours: 0-0-12

Internal social geography of cities. Classical and contemporary approaches to the study of neighbourhood and community differentiation, social inequalities in the city, social segregation, social polarization, and urban social structure. Intra-urban variations in morphology, land use, crime, housing, deprivation, well-being, community conflict and community organizations. A full-day field trip may be scheduled on a weekend.

Prerequisite: Geography 2200.

GEOGRAPHY 3235
Quantitative Models for Urban and Regional Analysis
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours: 0-0-4

Techniques to forecast regional population and economic growth applied to contemporary planning problems. Quantitative models such as population projection and economic base analysis using local data. A four-hour field trip will be scheduled.

Prerequisites: Statistics 1770 or Geography 2700, and Geography 2210 or 2535.

GEOGRAPHY 3551/MANAGEMENT 3551
An Introduction to Tourism
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

This course provides an overview of tourism with an emphasis on socially and environmentally sustainable tourism. Topics covered include the nature and scope of tourism, public policy, tourism and economic development, tourism marketing, tourism impacts, aboriginal tourism, and ecotourism.

Prerequisite: Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours).

GEOGRAPHY 3700
Cartography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Theoretical principles and practical aspects of cartography. The course will cover the history of cartography; map projections; geographic data processing and generalization; cartographic design and symbolization; computer mapping.

Prerequisite: Geography 2700.

GEOGRAPHY 3710
Field Techniques in the Earth Sciences
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours: 0-0-30

Mapping, recording and analysis of physical and cultural features in the southern Alberta landscape. Practical work to illustrate field research methodologies. Study projects will be carried out individually and in groups. Weekly field trips will be scheduled during the afternoon and may run as much as two hours beyond the lab period, especially where a considerable amount of travel time is required.

Prerequisites: Geography 2700 or 2710, and Geography 2030 or Geology 2060.

GEOGRAPHY 3720
Introduction to Remote Sensing
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Principles of earth resources analysis using airborne and satellite imagery. Fundamentals of energy interactions with the earth and atmosphere, the electromagnetic spectrum, aerial photography and photogrammetry, remote sensing systems, digital image analysis and airborne mission planning. Applications in the physical and social sciences with examples of environmental and landuse change. Laboratory work will involve air photo interpretation and image analysis.

Prerequisite: Geography 2700.

GEOGRAPHY 3730
Spatial Statistics
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

An introduction to statistical methods of spatial analysis, including techniques for description, sampling, comparison, relationships and trends.

Prerequisite: Geography 2700.

GEOGRAPHY 3740
Geographic Information Systems
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-2-0

This course deals with the nature of geographic data, geographic modelling, data structures, Geographic Information Systems functions and implementation. Exercises in the course will make use of computer hardware and software designed for these tasks.

Prerequisite: Geography 2700.

GEOGRAPHY 3850
Selected Topics in Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
GEOGRAPHY 4012
Hydrology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

The hydrological cycle. Interactions of the atmosphere, surface and subsurface water systems. Hydrological modelling using geographical information systems will be a major component of lectures and laboratory exercises.

Prerequisites: Geography 2015 and 3740.

GEOGRAPHY 4015
Integrated Watershed Management
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours: 0-0-16

Management of watersheds considering natural supply and demands; and natural and human-induced change. Modelling watershed processes using GIS and basic programming is a key objective of the course. Holistic management considers upstream and downstream interactions, and the interactive role of hydrology, hydraulics, ice processes, temperature, sediment, biota and land cover. Discussions address physical, chemical and biological components in natural and altered streams. A one-day or overnight field trip through a major watershed in Alberta is typically included.

Prerequisite: Geography 3740.

GEOGRAPHY 4050
Soils
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0
Other hours: 0-0-8

Physical, chemical, biological properties of soils; soil formation, classification and distribution, insights into the uses and abuses of soils, role of soil agronomy in resource development. A one-day field trip will be scheduled on a Saturday.

Prerequisite: Geography 2030 or Geology 2060, or admission to the Post-Diploma B.A. or B.Sc. in Agricultural Studies program or the Post-Diploma B.Sc. in Environmental Science program.

GEOGRAPHY 4200
Project in Agricultural Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
Other hours: 0-0-8

A project-based course in which students pursue a theoretically-informed research question of their own choosing. Class will collaborate on the construction of a survey instrument, which will be administered by the class at about the mid-point in the course. Results of data analysis will be presented in research seminars and a written report. One Saturday will be devoted to field work and data collection.

Prerequisite: Geography 3210.

GEOGRAPHY 4220
Series in Advanced Economic Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Seminar presentation of contemporary problems in economic geography.

Prerequisite: Geography 3225.

GEOGRAPHY 4240
Series in Advanced Urban Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Seminar presentation of contemporary problems in urban geography.

Prerequisite: Geography 3230.

GEOGRAPHY 4500
Contemporary Issues and Problems in Planning Series
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Advanced planning courses instructed by faculty or experienced planning professionals.

Prerequisite: Geography 2535; other courses may be specified.

GEOGRAPHY 4700
Advanced Computer Mapping
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Advanced topics and concepts in analytical and computer cartography. Development, analysis and integration of multisource geographical data and databases. Algorithms for computer mapping and visualization of geographical phenomena. Laboratory work will develop applications using computer mapping software and spatial data.

Prerequisite: Geography 3700.

GEOGRAPHY 4725
Advanced Remote Sensing
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Digital image analysis of aerial and satellite data for earth observation and studies of environmental and landuse change from local to global scales. Computer graphics and image processing in spatial, spectral and time dimensions. Data integration, classification, predictive models and fundamentals of spectroradiometry. Laboratory work will focus on digital image analysis software and applications.

Prerequisite: Geography 3720.

Note: Credit is not allowed for Geography 4725 and Geography 4850 (Topics in Advanced Digital Remote Sensing).

GEOGRAPHY 4740
Applied Geographic Information Systems
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

This course is a continuation of Geographic Information Systems. The course deals with advanced topics such as modelling languages, visualization, data integration, decision-making, system implementation and new directions. A great deal of emphasis is placed on problem solving and projects.

Prerequisite: Geography 3740.

GEOGRAPHY 4751
Seminar in Spatial Modelling
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

The use of models for improved understanding of spatial patterns and variability. Analysis, prediction and diffusion through geographic space and time. Selected applications and case studies will be drawn from the physical and social sciences.

Prerequisite: One of Geography 3700, 3720, 3730 or 3740.

GEOGRAPHY 4752
Seminar in Geographical Information Systems
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Trends in Geographical Information Systems for spatial analysis using information technology. Theoretical and computer-based approaches to spatial pattern analysis and database management systems. Applications and future directions will be emphasized.

Prerequisite: Geography 3740.

GEOGRAPHY 4753
Seminar in Remote Sensing
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Contemporary issues in remote sensing and image analysis. Advanced approaches to classification, modelling, change detection and scaling. The role of remote sensing science in integrated studies of global change. Research and new directions.

Prerequisite: Geography 3720.

GEOGRAPHY 4760
Agricultural Soil Management
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-1-0
Other hours: 0-0-16

Management and conservation of agricultural soils including effects of different crop management systems on soil properties. Topics include: soil fertility; soil and plant testing; commercial fertilizer; manure management; soil quality in both irrigated and dryland crop production systems; identification and management of problem soils; environmental concerns. Practical field experience is included. Two eight-hour field trips will be scheduled on Saturdays near the beginning of the fall semester for field study of different soil types.

Prerequisite: Geography 4050.

GEOGRAPHY 4770
Irrigation Science
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Irrigation as a contemporary agricultural practice. Studies of global, regional and local irrigation developments, soil-water-plant relationships for consumptive use of water, on-farm irrigation techniques and applications. Design of water conveyance systems, pipe and channel hydraulics. Water supplies for irrigation. Environmental concerns and opportunities.

Prerequisite: Geography 2015.

GEOGRAPHY 4850
Selected Topics in Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0
GEOGRAPHY 4900
History and Theory of Geography
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

History and theory of geography from the Greeks to the present. Current status of geography in major nations of the world.

Prerequisite: Three courses (9.0 credit hours) in Geography.

GEOGRAPHY 4995
Undergraduate Thesis
Credit hours: 6.0
Contact hours per week: 1-0-0
Other hours: 0-0-10

This is a research-oriented course in which students will conduct empirical research, submit a report in the form of an undergraduate thesis which will be made publicly available, and report orally on the work. In consultation with their Thesis Supervisor, students will define a research problem and formulate a research plan.

Prerequisites: Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours) with a cumulative GPA of 3.30 or higher.

Completion of an Independent Study (3990) in Geography or Geology.

Note: See Part 7 - Arts and Science, Sections 4.c., 5.c. and 6.c., pp. 84-87.