BIOLOGY

BIOLOGY

BIOLOGY 1010
Cellular Basis of Life

Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Fundamental principles of cellular biology; structure and function of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells; transcription and translation as components of gene expression. Applications of cellular and molecular biology in medicine, agriculture and biotechnology.

Prerequisites: Biology 30, and Chemistry 30 or 0500.

BIOLOGY 1020
Diversity of Life
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

A comparative study of the major lineages of eukaryotic organisms from an evolutionary perspective; biology of protists, fungi, plants and animals.

Recommended background: Biology 30.

BIOLOGY 2000
Principles of Genetics
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Principles of heredity; Mendelian laws, recombination; basic concepts of gene structure and function.

Prerequisites: Biology 1010; and Mathematics 30 or Pure Mathematics 30, or Applied Mathematics 30 and at least 75% standing in Athabasca University's Mathematics 101.

Corequisite: Biology 1020.

BIOLOGY 2200
Principles of Ecology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Relationships between animals, plants and the non-living environment, energy flow, nutrient cycles, ecological succession, communities, populations; application of ecological principles to the modern world; lecture and laboratory projects using basic techniques of ecological investigation.

Prerequisites: Biology 1020; and Mathematics 30 or Pure Mathematics 30, or Applied Mathematics 30 and at least 75% standing in Athabasca University's Mathematics 101.

Corequisite: Biology 1010.

BIOLOGY 3000
Molecular Genetics
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Molecular mechanisms of inheritance, rearrangement and regulated expression of genetic information.

Prerequisite: Biology 2000.

Recommended background: Chemistry 2200 or 2600.

BIOLOGY 3003/HEALTH SCIENCES 3003 (NURSING 3003)
Epidemiology: The Ecology of Health and Disease
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Scope and application of epidemiology in relation to factors that affect health and contribute to disease in a global context.

Prerequisite: Three courses (9.0 credit hours) in Biological Sciences or admissibility to the School of Health Sciences Post-Diploma B.N., SACNE B.N. or NESA B.N. program.

Note: This course was known as Biology 3003/Nursing 3003 prior to 2000/2001.

BIOLOGY 3110
Cell Regulation
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Intracellular systems regulating cell growth, cell division and differentiation; emphasis will be placed on cell regulation in higher organisms and its breakdown in cancerous tissues.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000, and Chemistry 1000 or 2100.

BIOLOGY 3200
Principles of Microbiology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Introduction to microorganisms; emphasis on isolation, metabolism, ecology and genetic engineering of bacteria.

Prerequisite: Biology 2000.

BIOLOGY 3300
Evolution
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-1-0

Survey of evolutionary thought; current concepts of evolutionary mechanisms.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000 and 2200.

BIOLOGY 3310 (3120)
Developmental Biology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Patterns of sexual reproduction; gene activity and control mechanisms (including hormonal and environmental controls) during embryonic development and cell differentiation; cellular and tissue interactions in the differentiation process.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000, and Chemistry 1000 or 2100.

BIOLOGY 3410 (3160)
Biological Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 1-5-0

SEM theory, design and practice, including specimen preparation, darkroom procedures and digital imaging.

Prerequisites: Completion of six courses (18.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Biological Sciences and a written application.

Recommended background: Physics 1050.

Note: Due to limited availability of space and instrumentation, only a very few students are accommodated in electron microscopy courses. Selection of students is based on a written application and analyses of academic performance, interest and major and future aspirations.

BIOLOGY 3420 (ZOOLOGY 3700)
Animal Physiology I
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Organization and diversity of animal functions; lecture and laboratory consideration of both vertebrates and invertebrates, including study of the circulatory, respiratory, osmoregulatory and excretory systems; thermoregulation.

Prerequisites: One of Biology 2000 or 2200, and one course (3.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the 1000 level or above.

Recommended background: Chemistry 2200 or 2600.

Note: This course was known as Zoology 3700 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 3430 (ZOOLOGY 3710)
Animal Physiology II
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Organization and diversity of animal functions; lecture and laboratory consideration of both vertebrates and invertebrates, including study of the digestive, endocrine, muscular and nervous systems.

Prerequisites: One of Biology 2000 or 2200, and one course (3.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the 1000 level or above.

Recommended background: Biology 3420 (Zoology 3700 prior to 1999/2000).

Note: This course was known as Zoology 3710 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 3460 (BOTANY 3300)
Plant Physiology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Physiological and molecular basis for plant growth and development; plant metabolism, hormones, water relations, stress adaptation and physiological aspects of local crop plants.

Prerequisite: Biology 2000 or 2200.

Recommended background: Chemistry 2100 or 2500.

Note: This course was known as Botany 3300 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 3520 (ZOOLOGY 3800)
Invertebrate Zoology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

The systematics, biology, evolution and importance of the invertebrate phyla, including Protozoa, Porifera, Cnideria, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Mollusca, Annelida, Arthropoda, Echinodermata and related smaller groups.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000 and 2200.

Note: This course was known as Zoology 3800 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 3530 (ZOOLOGY 3900)
Vertebrate Zoology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Comparative survey of the morphology, evolution, classification and natural history of the vertebrates.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000 and 2200.

Note: This course was known as Zoology 3900 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 3540 (ZOOLOGY 3910)
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Detailed, comparative study of the major vertebrate groups, with emphasis on the structure, function, development and evolution of the various organ systems; dissection of representative forms.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000 and 2200.

Recommended background: Biology 3530 (Zoology 3900 prior to 1999/2000).

Note: This course was known as Zoology 3910 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 3560 (BOTANY 3500)
Plant Anatomy and Morphology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

The major evolutionary trends in vascular plants (ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms) as evidenced by structural, developmental and reproductive characters; the internal structure of plants with emphasis on angiosperms.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000 and 2200.

Note: This course was known as Botany 3500 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 3600 (ZOOLOGY 3600)
Evolutionary Ecology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

The adaptation of animals and plants to their environment; independent laboratory involving elementary biostatistics; seminars and lectures using research papers.

Prerequisite: Biology 2200.

Recommended background: Biology 2000 and Statistics 1770.

Note: This course was known as Zoology 3600 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 3610
Prairie Conservation
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Comprehensive overview of the native prairie landscape in Alberta, including physical, ecological and cultural attributes of the prairies. Examination of ecological, social, industrial, management and policy issues.

Prerequisite: Third-year standing (a minimum of 60.0 credit hours).

Note: Credit is not allowed for Biology 3610 and Biology 3850 (Prairie Conservation).

BIOLOGY 3620 (ZOOLOGY 3300)
Sociobiology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-1-0

Application of evolutionary theory to social behaviour and social organization of animals; individual and kin selection, social groups, mate choice, mating systems, parenting strategies.

Prerequisites: Biology 1020 and completion of any other four courses (12.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Biological Sciences and the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience.

Recommended background: Biology 2000 and 2200.

Note: This course was known as Zoology 3300 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 3700 (BOTANY 3400)
Ecosystem and Community Ecology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Examination of processes controlling plant community composition and ecosystem function, including carbon acquisition, water use, nutrient uptake, decomposition and nutrient recycling; field work and computer assignments included in laboratory projects.

Prerequisite: Biology 2200.

Recommended background: Biology 2000 and Statistics 1770.

Note: This course was known as Botany 3400 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 4010 (4160)
Biological Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 1-5-0

Preparation of biological specimens for, and examination with, TEM; theory and practice of TEM and photomicrography.

Prerequisites: Completion of seven previous courses (21.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Biological Sciences, including Biology 3410 (3160), and one course (3.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the 1000 level or above.

Recommended background: Physics 2000.

Note: Due to limited availability of space and instrumentation, only a very few students are accommodated in electron microscopy courses. Selection of students is based on a written application and analyses of academic performance, interest and major and future aspirations.

BIOLOGY 4100 (4300)
Advances in Agricultural Biotechnology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Recent and advanced aspects of molecular biology and biotechnology related to agricultural applications; critical reading, discussions and seminars on current research problems in these areas.

Prerequisites: Two of Biology 3000, 3110, 3200, 4170 (Botany 3700 prior to 1999/2000) and 4200.

BIOLOGY 4110
Advances in Genetics, Molecular and Cellular Biology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Recent and advanced aspects of genetics, cell and molecular biology; critical reading, discussions and seminars on current research problems in these areas.

Prerequisite: One of Biology 3000, 3110, 3200, 3310 (3120), Psychology 3600.

BIOLOGY 4170 (BOTANY 3700)
Plant Biotechnology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Lecture, seminar and laboratory study of plant molecular biology and opportunities for biotechnological applications for crop plants in agriculture, horticulture and forestry.

Prerequisite: Biology 3200.

Recommended background: Biology 3460 (Botany 3300 prior to 1999/2000).

Note: This course was known as Botany 3700 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 4200
Techniques in Molecular Biology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 1-5-0

Prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA isolation and manipulation, including experiments in subcloning, transformation, mutagenesis, PCR, agarose gel electrophoresis and Southern blotting.

Prerequisites: Biology 3000 and 3200, and Chemistry 2600.

Recommended background: Fourth-year standing (a minimum of 90.0 credit hours).

BIOLOGY 4500
Seminars in Biological Sciences
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Seminars on various aspects of Biology by staff or invited speakers. Pre-seminar literature is made available; brief written reaction papers are required for each seminar.

Prerequisite: Completion of eight courses (24.0 credit hours) offered by the Department of Biological Sciences.

Recommended background: At least one course (3.0 credit hours) from each of the three subfield lists: Cellular and Molecular Biology, Organismal Biology, and Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.

BIOLOGY 4560 (BOTANY 4200)
Plant Development
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

An examination of developmental events in angiosperms, emphasizing current molecular genetic studies of regulating mechanisms.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000 and completion of two courses (6.0 credit hours) at the 3000 level in Biology.

Recommended background: Biology 3000, and one of Biology 3460 (Botany 3300 prior to 1999/2000) or 3560 (Botany 3500 prior to 1999/2000).

Note: This course was known as Botany 4200 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 4600
Conservation Biology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours: 3-0-0

Application of ecological and evolutionary theory to the understanding and management of biodiversity.

Prerequisites: Biology 2200 and two 3000-level courses (6.0 credit hours) in Biology, or admission to the Post-Diploma B.Sc. in Environmental Science program.

Recommended background: Biology 3300.

BIOLOGY 4770 (BOTANY 4500)
Plant Systematics and Evolution
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

An examination of angiosperm plant families, their evolutionary relationships and the different modes of plant speciation which have contributed to plant diversity. Emphasis will be placed on plants of local and economic importance.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000, 2200 and one 3000/4000-level course (3.0 credit hours) in Biology.*

Note: * One 3000/4000-level course in Botany or Zoology prior to 1999/2000 will satisfy this requirement.

This course was known as Botany 4500 prior to 1999/2000.

BIOLOGY 4800 (4820)
Biology of Symbiotic Interactions
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-3-0

Seminar, lecture and laboratory-based aspects of symbiotic interactions, from permanent mutualisms to virulent parasitic associations. Emphasis will be placed on the ecological and evolutionary effects of mutualists and parasites on their hosts.

Prerequisites: Biology 2000 and 2200.

BIOLOGY 4806/HEALTH SCIENCES 4806 (NURSING 4806)
Immunology
Credit hours: 3.0
Contact hours per week: 3-0-0

Biological role of immunity and natural resistance.

Prerequisite: Ten courses (30.0 credit hours) from the Science list (See Part 4 - Academic Regulations, Section 5, List III: Science Courses, pp. 73-74), or completion of all 3000-level Nursing courses in the Post-Diploma B.N., SACNE B.N. or NESA B.N. program.

Note: This course was known as Biology 4806/Nursing 4806 prior to 2000/2001.