An agreement establishing a partnership arrangement with another institution.
An outside entity that pays for requests the research. Also see: Sponsor
A predetermined amount of money placed in a fund.
Those categories of costs that can be charged to a grant or contract as determined by the terms and conditions of the award, such as salaries and equipment.
The process of spreading the cost of an asset over the expected useful life of the asset.
An operational unit within the University, whose function is to provide support services or supplies to the University community on a fee for service basis.
Research undertaken with the intention of applying the results to a specific problem. One of the biggest differences between applied and basic research is that in applied work the research questions are most often determined, not by researchers, but by policy makers or others who want help.
The act of approving or giving formal consent.
An examination of an agency's accounting or other documents by an outside expert. Upon review, the expert prepares an opinion or report
Assignment of Intellectual Property Rights
Assignment means to transfer all or part of one's property, interest or rights to another party. Payment may be received up-front or at some later date. The University does not normally assign intellectual property rights to third parties; however, it is not restricted from doing so. Intellectual property rights to inventions are normally assigned to the University; however, the rights to literary works vest in the creator and remain with the creator. Intellectual property rights are occasionally assigned to creators of intellectual property and under certain unusual circumstances, to companies.
To give official approval to; to give power or authority to; or to justify. Authorized signature (1) Signature of the person authorized to commit funds and facilities on grants and contracts. The President and his authorized representative are the only authorized institutional officials to sign a proposal or enter into a contract on behalf of the University. (2) Signature of those persons authorized to commit project funds.
The project director/principal investigator is the authorized signer for his/her own project, and may authorize other persons to commit project funds. All authorized signatures must be identified on a Request for New Fund form.
Document received from a sponsor outlining the terms and conditions associated with a project or activity and authorizing the transfer of funds.
A systemic, intensive study, the primary aim of which is a fuller knowledge or understanding of the subject under study rather than a practical application thereof.
Infectious agents or hazardous biological materials that present a risk or potential risk to the health of humans, animals or the environment. Biohazardous materials include certain types of recombinant DNA; organisms and viruses infectious to humans, animals or plants (e.g., parasites, viruses, bacteria, fungi, prions, rickettsia); and biologically active agents (i.e., toxins, allergens, venoms) that may cause disease in other living organisms or cause significant impact to the environment or community.
Background Intellectual Property
Background intellectual property is intellectual property that was created prior to a specific date and is normally relevant to the contract or agreement being entered into. Background intellectual property is normally owned by the person or entity that creates it.The University or a sponsor may require that all relevant background intellectual property be listed in an appendix or schedule before the agreement or contract is signed.
Other researcher(s) who share the research responsibility for the research proposal, application, agreement, contract or award, often including responsibility for associated expenditures.
The process of identifying, developing, and extracting tangible value from intellectual assets, whether those assets are in the form of inventions, processes, designs, databases etc.
A future promise to pay for goods and services. For example, when placing a purchase order with a vendor, a promise is made to purchase goods/services at a certain price. The amount of the purchase is encumbered (held or committed) from your available funds to pay for the good/service when they are received.
Community of Science
A web server containing information about scientific expertise, funded scientific research and funding opportunities.
A competitive, peer-reviewed processed used by sponsors for selecting projects worthy of funding.
A qualification, restriction, or limitation attached to a grant or agreement.
An agreement designed to protect trade secrets and expertise from being misused by those who have learned of them.
Confidential information is information that is disclosed from one party to another and is not intended for disclosure to any another party. It may include trade secrets, know-how, show-how, concepts, discoveries, inventions, research or technical data and other proprietary information or material (biological or otherwise). The results of all research conducted at the University must be fully publishable at the discretion of the principal investigator, however, if under the terms of a formal contract a sponsor agrees to provide data essential to the research that is clearly labeled "Confidential Data", the University will accept such a contract and observe such confidentiality provided that the results of the research may be published without identifiable reference to the confidential data and that no limitations are placed on the publication of results other than those outlined in the contract.
Conflict of Commitment
A conflict of commitment is a situation where the external professional activities of a member are so substantial or demanding of the member's time and attention as to interfere or adversely affect the discharge of the member's responsibilities to the University, or where the non-University activities of a member involve the use of University resources.
University researchers must disclose conflicts of commitment and, where appropriate, obtain written approval prior to engaging in any activity that may give rise to a conflict of commitment.
Conflict of Interest
Conflict of interest means a situation where a member is in a position to influence, either directly or indirectly, University business, research, or other decisions in ways that could advance the member's own interests or the interests of a related party, to the detriment of the University's interests, integrity or fundamental mission. In the research context, conflict of
interest includes a situation where financial or other personal onsiderations may compromise, or have the appearance of compromising, an investigator's professional judgment in conducting or reporting research. Conflicts of interest may be potential, actual or apparent.
Conflicts of interest can arise naturally from a member's engagement inside and outside the University, and the mere existence of a conflict of interest does not necessarily imply wrongdoing on anyone's part. However, conflicts of interest must be recognized, disclosed, assessed and managed.
Collaborative arrangement in support of a research project in which part of an activity is carried out through a formal agreement between a guarantee and one or more other organizations.
An agreement between two or more parties whereby each party promise to do, or not to do, something. Each party has reciprocal rights to demand performance of what is promised.
Also see: Research Contract.
Agreement to transfer funds in support of a research program. The sponsor typically participates in the research.
The exclusive right of the creator, or subsequent copyright holder, to copy, produce, reproduce perform or publish a work. Copyright exists as soon as an artistic, literary or musical work or
software is created; it arises automatically when an original work is created, and does not need to be granted by any authority. This differs from patents, for example, which must be applied for and issued by federal governments.
Foreground Intellectual Property
Foreground intellectual property is new intellectual property that is created after a specific date of a contract or agreement.
An award, for graduate students, granted on the basis of academic standing. Support is often provided to the fellow through a stipend rather than a salary.
When two or more applications for a patent for the same invention are pending, the patent will be granted to the first applicant to file a patent application. Most countries, including Canada, operate on under this system.
A patent is granted to the person able to prove the earliest date of invention, regardless of the date of filing of the patent application. The United States operates on this system.
Online platform for marketing, sharing and licensing the outcomes of innovative research.
Freedom to Operate
Freedom to operate refers to the ability to commercially produce, market or use a product, process or service without infringing the intellectual property rights of others.
The University does not guarantee the freedom to operate for results or any intellectual property that arises out of any research conducted at the University.
Indemnification refers to protection from harm or cost. An indemnifying party guarantees to pay or take care of any debt, lawsuit or claim that may arise as a result of a contract or contract performance on behalf of the indemnified party.
In most research agreements, the University will require indemnification from the industry sponsor for claims arising from the sponsor's use of the University's results or data. This is of particular importance in industry sponsored research agreements involving human subjects.
Although the University has insurance which covers many of its activities, it is not insured in all areas for which the data or results may be used. Sponsors normally have insurance which covers their use of the University's data or results.
The University will indemnify only certain third parties and only under special circumstances.
Indirect costs (or overhead) are those costs that cannot be identified readily and specifically, but are nonetheless associated with a particular activity. For example, indirect costs of conducting research include heat, power, administration, library and computing facilities.
Intellectual property is any form of knowledge or expression created with one's intellect. It includes inventions, scientific or scholarly discoveries, computer software, trademarks, literary, artistic, musical or visual works, and even simple know-how. Intellectual Property rights that result from research conducted at the University are commercialized through The University-Industry Liaison Office, except for copyright of literary works such as papers, abstracts, research notes, etc.
Intellectual Property Rights Ownership
Intellectual Property rights vest with the creator(s) of that intellectual property. Those rights may be transferred to another party under contract.
If any member of faculty or staff, any student, or anyone connected with the University proposes to protect, license or otherwise commercialize an invention or discovery in which University facilities or funds administered by the University were used, a disclosure of the invention or discovery must be made to the University and the rights assigned to the University. The University may decide to protect or license the discovery or invention, in return for a share of any proceeds arising. If the University decides not to protect or license, the rights may be reassigned to the inventor, who may then develop commercial applications of the invention or discovery as they see fit. Where it is anticipated that inventions or discoveries may ensue from a particular research enterprise, it may be necessary to undertake special agreements concerning patent or licensing rights before the research funds are accepted for administration by the University. Ownership of and intellectual property rights to books, lecture notes, laboratory manuals, artifacts, visual arts and music produced by those connected with the University are vested in the individuals involved. This is to allow faculty members to continue using such works should they move from U of L to another university.
Invention or Discovery
At the University, "invention or discovery" includes databases, audio and video tapes, films, slides and photographs, computer programs and computer-stored information or equivalent circuitry, biotechnology and genetic engineering products and all other products of research which may be licensable. Inventions do not include traditional scholarly works such as books, lecture notes, laboratory manuals, artfacts, visual art and music. Inventions and discoveries at the University are commercialized through the University-Industry Liaison Office.
Know-how is normally unwritten information that is needed to achieve a significant development, production, or use.
A researcher's know-how can often have considerable value. While it is mandatory in filing a patent application to disclose sufficient information to enable others to reduce the invention to practice, the researcher will often also possess valuable confidential know-how and experience to permit commercial optimization of a process or product. Know-how can be licensed independently and a know-how license need not be restricted to the term of the related patent.
Legal agreement granting someone permission to use a work for certain purposes or under certain conditions. A license does not constitute a change in ownership of the copyright.
Matching Funds Programs
Numerous government provincial and federal programs exist that contribute a certain amount of research funds to the University for every dollar contributed by an industry sponsor. The largest sources of these funds are administered federally by the Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council of Canada, and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. In the case of University research, the University researcher is always the applicant and the recipient of the matching (government) funds. These funds are administered by the Office of Research Services. The University-Industry Liaison Office normally drafts the contracts with sponsors for their contribution. All funds received by industry sponsors and government are administered by the University.
Rights an author retains over the integrity of a work and the right to be named as its author even after sale or transfer of the copyright.
Moral rights fall into three categories:
A patent is right granted by a national government, upon application and in exchange for a complete disclosure of an invention. The disclosure is initially a confidential disclosure to the patent office, which later becomes a non-confidential disclosure to the public at large. A patent gives the applicant the right to prevent others from making, using, or selling the claimed invention for a limited period of time. Subject to the payment of the prescribed annual fees, patents generally have a life of 20 years depending on the jurisdiction. In order to be patentable, an invention must be novel, useful and not obvious to a person skilled in the field of the invention.
Publication is disclosure that gives the public or third parties knowledge or details of an invention. Publication may be made by way of speech, written materials, tape, video recording or other electronic means, drawing, photograph, printed work, or any other disclosure given or distributed. Publication does not include disclosures made on a confidential basis. Depositing a thesis in a library constitutes publication and may prejudice the ability to obtain a patent unless appropriate measures are taken to limit access the thesis during the critical patent application period. At the University, a public thesis defence is considered public disclosure and may also prejudice the ability to obtain a patent.
Results of research undertaken at the University are ultimately publishable at the discretion of the principal investigator. Some situations, however, may require either confidential treatment of information or a delay in publication; however, publication cannot be withheld unilaterally.
Where a research team is involved and consensus about the timing of publication cannot be achieved, the matter will be referred to the Executive Committee on Research for advice to the President, whose decision is final. A sponsor may be given the right under the terms of the formal contractual agreement to publish research results or to approve such publication in advance. In any case, the University shall be completely free to publish after a maximum of 12 months from termination of the project or submission of the final report, whichever is later, unless an exception for a brief extension is granted by the Vice-President, Research. No restriction shall prohibit or delay in any way the use of research results by graduate students for theses or other academic purposes. Delays in publication at the request of sponsor are permissible only if the public interest is best served by such a policy or if patent property protection is being sought.
University facilities may not be used for secret or classified research. Results of research undertaken at the University are ultimately publishable at the discretion of the principal investigator.
At the University, the following policy applies as it relates to Scholarly Integrity:
The three federal agencies regarded as a whole: CIHR, NSERC, and SSHRC.