This funding opportunity will support the planning, catalyst, and pilot implementation of social science research projects focused on any topic relevant to improving our understanding of how to design and implement effective global governance arrangements, institutions, and/or structures for addressing AMR and related infectious disease threats. Some possible research inquiries include:
- Evaluating the current capacity of international regulations and institutions to address AMR and related infectious disease threats; for example:
- Are current international regulations adequate for ensuring appropriate surveillance and response mechanisms are in place at a national level? Regional level? Global level? What additional requirements and/or reforms would enhance capacity at each of these levels? What minimum level of capacity is required for global systems?
- What is the role of international institutions in preventing and responding to AMR? In preparing for and responding to infectious disease outbreaks?
- Identifying best practices and lessons learned for enabling, coordinating, and supporting monitoring, response, and prevention tactics and protocols across borders; for example:
- What are the most effective, equitable and ethical structures and mechanisms for engaging and allocating responsibilities among international institutions, civil society organizations, industry, and the scientific community to ensure rapid, agile, and adaptable global response systems?
- What are the best mechanisms for ensuring cross-sectoral, cross-border, and multi-level action on AMR? On other infectious disease threats? What factors hinder and support collective action at the global level and how can we best address those factors?
- What are the best structures for ensuring speed, agility, and adaptability of global response systems in times of crisis? How do we ensure political leverage? What laboratory research and other technological capabilities are required and how can these be leveraged across borders? How do we ensure global reach and connecting resources and expertise across all countries?
- How can international institutions better engage local leadership to ensure that responses are culturally appropriate, community specific, and leveraging local characteristics? What common elements exist cross-culturally or apply across countries?
- What mechanisms would support production and sharing of data, knowledge, and technology across agencies? Across borders?
- Ensuring that future global governance arrangements, structures, and institutions are designed in way that enables the discovery of innovations across sectors and their equitable distribution; for example:
- What are the most appropriate financing mechanisms to ensure continued global innovation in drug development, diagnostics, stewardship, etc.?
- What are the most appropriate benefit- and burden-sharing principles that could underpin global cooperation in this area?
- How do we best assess and analyze the equity impacts of different prevention, detection, and response activities?
- What mechanisms and special arrangements might be needed to safeguard vulnerable populations from being unintentionally harmed by global governance arrangements?